David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
The question ‘What is an organism?’, formerly considered as essential in biology, has now been increasingly replaced by a larger question, ‘What is a biological individual?’. On the grounds that i) individuation is theory-dependent, and ii) physiology does not offer a theory, biologists and philosophers of biology have claimed that it is the theory of evolution by natural selection which tells us what counts as a biological individual. Here I show that one physiological field, immunology, offers a theory, which makes possible a physiological theory of individuation. I give a new answer to the question ‘What is an organism?’, and try to link together the evolutionary and immunological individuations.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library||
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Evelyn Fox Keller (1987). Reproduction and the Central Project of Evolutionary Theory. Biology and Philosophy 2 (4):383-396.
Marshall Abrams (2009). Fitness “Kinematics”: Biological Function, Altruism, and Organism–Environment Development. Biology and Philosophy 24 (4):487-504.
Robert C. Richardson (2000). The Organism in Development. Philosophy of Science 67 (3):321.
Denis M. Walsh (2006). Evolutionary Essentialism. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 57 (2):425-448.
Jack A. Wilson (2000). Ontological Butchery: Organism Concepts and Biological Generalizations. Philosophy of Science 67 (3):311.
Manfred D. Laubichler & Gunter P. Wagner (2000). Organism and Character Decomposition: Steps Towards an Integrative Theory of Biology. Philosophy of Science 67 (3):300.
Thomas Pradeu (2010). The Organism in Developmental Systems Theory. Biological Theory 5 (3):216-222.
Thomas Pradeu (2010). What is an Organism? An Immunological Answer. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 32:247--267.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads93 ( #20,612 of 1,699,835 )
Recent downloads (6 months)46 ( #9,813 of 1,699,835 )
How can I increase my downloads?