|Abstract||The question ‘What is an organism?’, formerly considered as essential in biology, has now been increasingly replaced by a larger question, ‘What is a biological individual?’. On the grounds that i) individuation is theory-dependent, and ii) physiology does not offer a theory, biologists and philosophers of biology have claimed that it is the theory of evolution by natural selection which tells us what counts as a biological individual. Here I show that one physiological field, immunology, offers a theory, which makes possible a physiological theory of individuation. I give a new answer to the question ‘What is an organism?’, and try to link together the evolutionary and immunological individuations.|
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Through your library||Only published papers are available at libraries|
Similar books and articles
Evelyn Fox Keller (1987). Reproduction and the Central Project of Evolutionary Theory. Biology and Philosophy 2 (4):383-396.
Marshall Abrams (2009). Fitness “Kinematics”: Biological Function, Altruism, and Organism–Environment Development. Biology and Philosophy 24 (4):487-504.
Robert C. Richardson (2000). The Organism in Development. Philosophy of Science 67 (3):321.
Denis M. Walsh (2006). Evolutionary Essentialism. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 57 (2):425-448.
Jack A. Wilson (2000). Ontological Butchery: Organism Concepts and Biological Generalizations. Philosophy of Science 67 (3):311.
Manfred D. Laubichler & Gunter P. Wagner (2000). Organism and Character Decomposition: Steps Towards an Integrative Theory of Biology. Philosophy of Science 67 (3):300.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads41 ( #28,484 of 556,807 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #64,847 of 556,807 )
How can I increase my downloads?