Business Policies on Human Rights: An Analysis of Their Content and Prevalence Among FTSE 100 Firms [Book Review]
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Journal of Business Ethics 109 (3):289-299 (2012)
The new millennium has witnessed a growing concern over the impact of multinational enterprises (MNEs) on human rights. Hence, this article explores (1) how wide-spread corporate policies on human rights are amongst large corporations, specifically the FTSE 100 constituent firms, (2) whether any sectors are particularly active in designing human rights policies and (3) where corporations have adopted such policies what their content is. In terms of adoption rates of human rights policies, evidence of exemplary approaches in individual companies contrasts with a less satisfactory engagement pattern across the sample, as 42.8% of firms do not seem to address human rights at all. With regard to the content of corporate human rights policies, the study found shallow commitments to dominate, where companies focus on a narrow range of negative rights, i.e. on respecting human rights, rather than positive ones, i.e. initiatives to protect or fulfil human rights.
|Keywords||Human rights Corporate social responsibility Multi-national enterprises UN Declaration of Human Rights|
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References found in this work BETA
Krista Bondy, Dirk Matten & Jeremy Moon (2004). The Adoption of Voluntary Codes of Conduct in MNCs: A Three‐Country Comparative Study. Business and Society Review 109 (4):449-477.
Emily F. Carasco & Jang B. Singh (2008). Human Rights in Global Business Ethics Codes. Business and Society Review 113 (3):347-374.
Douglass Cassel (2001). Human Rights and Business Responsibilities in the Global Marketplace. Business Ethics Quarterly 11 (2):261-274.
Patrick M. Erwin (2011). Corporate Codes of Conduct: The Effects of Code Content and Quality on Ethical Performance. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 99 (4):535 - 548.
Citations of this work BETA
Edmund F. Byrne (2014). Towards Enforceable Bans on Illicit Businesses: From Moral Relativism to Human Rights. Journal of Business Ethics 119 (1):119-130.
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