David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
According to the actualist view, what is essential in the truth conditions of a future-tensed sentence ‘it will be the case that ’ is the reference to the unique course of events that will become actual (Lewis 1986). On the other hand, the modal view has it that the truth conditions of such sentences require the truth of being already “settled” at the time of utterance, where “being settled” is defined by universal quantification over a domain of courses of events, the futures compatible with what has happened up to the time of utterance (Prior 1967, Thomason 1970). On the proposal that we discuss in this paper, there is no split between an actualist and a modal interpretation of the future tense, but both views on the truth conditions of future-tensed sentences are accommodated within a single broader view of how sentences are evaluated in context. We propose a unified semantic treatment of the future tense which is based on a contextual notion of settledness. A central feature of our approach is a dynamic view of contexts of utterance, according to which the world of the utterance is not fixed once and for all, as different worlds, by the passing of time, can play this role in turn. Finally, one major goal of the paper is to show how the unified analysis we propose accounts for epistemic readings of future-tensed sentences.
|Keywords||future tense modality context branching time|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library||
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Quentin Smith (1987). Sentences About Time. Philosophical Quarterly 37 (146):37-53.
Andrea Bonomi, Finding One's Way in the Labyrinth of Forking Paths. (The Semantics of the Future Tense: Part I.).
L. A. Paul (1997). Truth Conditions of Tensed Sentence Types. Synthese 111 (1):53-72.
Michael J. Futch (2002). Leibniz's Non-Tensed Theory of Time. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 16 (2):125 – 139.
Stephan Torre (2009). Truth-Conditions, Truth-Bearers and the New B-Theory of Time. Philosophical Studies 142 (3):325-344.
Herman Cappelen & Ernest Lepore (2006). Shared Content. In Ernest Lepore & Barry C. Smith (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Language. Oxford University Press 1020--1055.
Added to index2010-07-27
Total downloads24 ( #136,863 of 1,777,884 )
Recent downloads (6 months)4 ( #143,201 of 1,777,884 )
How can I increase my downloads?