Against Empathy

Southern Journal of Philosophy 49 (s1):214-233 (2011)
Empathy can be characterized as a vicarious emotion that one person experiences when reflecting on the emotion of another. So characterized, empathy is sometimes regarded as a precondition on moral judgment. This seems to have been Hume's view. I review various ways in which empathy might be regarded as a precondition and argue against each of them: empathy is not a component, a necessary cause, a reliable epistemic guide, a foundation for justification, or the motivating force behind our moral judgments. In fact, empathy is prone to biases that render it potentially harmful. Another construct—concern—fares somewhat better, but it is also of limited use. I argue that, instead of empathy, moral judgments involve emotions such as anger, disgust, guilt, and admiration. These, not empathy, provide the sentimental foundation for morality.
Keywords emapthy
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DOI 10.1111/j.2041-6962.2011.00069.x
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Jessica Isserow (2015). Empathy and Morality. Biology and Philosophy 30 (4):597-608.
Meghan Masto (2015). Empathy and Its Role in Morality. Southern Journal of Philosophy 53 (1):74-96.
T. J. Kasperbauer (2015). Rejecting Empathy for Animal Ethics. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 18 (4):817-833.

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