David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Topics in Cognitive Science 3 (3):560-578 (2011)
This experiment investigated the effect of format (line vs. bar), viewers’ familiarity with variables, and viewers’ graphicacy (graphical literacy) skills on the comprehension of multivariate (three variable) data presented in graphs. Fifty-five undergraduates provided written descriptions of data for a set of 14 line or bar graphs, half of which depicted variables familiar to the population and half of which depicted variables unfamiliar to the population. Participants then took a test of graphicacy skills. As predicted, the format influenced viewers’ interpretations of data. Specifically, viewers were more likely to describe x–y interactions when viewing line graphs than when viewing bar graphs, and they were more likely to describe main effects and “z–y” (the variable in the legend) interactions when viewing bar graphs than when viewing line graphs. Familiarity of data presented and individuals’ graphicacy skills interacted with the influence of graph format. Specifically, viewers were most likely to generate inferences only when they had high graphicacy skills, the data were familiar and thus the information inferred was expected, and the format supported those inferences. Implications for multivariate data display are discussed
|Keywords||Graph comprehension Display design Individual differences|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Jill H. Larkin & Herbert A. Simon (1987). Why a Diagram is (Sometimes) Worth Ten Thousand Words. Cognitive Science 11 (1):65-100.
Susan Bell Trickett & J. Gregory Trafton (2007). “What If…”: The Use of Conceptual Simulations in Scientific Reasoning. Cognitive Science 31 (5):843-875.
Citations of this work BETA
Barbara Tversky (2011). Visualizing Thought. Topics in Cognitive Science 3 (3):499-535.
Similar books and articles
Michael Rathjen (1991). The Role of Parameters in Bar Rule and Bar Induction. Journal of Symbolic Logic 56 (2):715-730.
James F. Lynch (1997). Infinitary Logics and Very Sparse Random Graphs. Journal of Symbolic Logic 62 (2):609-623.
Chris MacDonald (2004). Getting to the Bottom of “Triple Bottom Line”. Business Ethics Quarterly 14 (2):243-262.
Dwight R. Bean (1976). Effective Coloration. Journal of Symbolic Logic 41 (2):469-480.
Jerome Malitz (1983). Downward Transfer of Satisfiability for Sentences of L1,. Journal of Symbolic Logic 48 (4):1146 - 1150.
J. C. E. Dekker (1981). Twilight Graphs. Journal of Symbolic Logic 46 (3):539-571.
Peter Spirtes (2005). Graphical Models, Causal Inference, and Econometric Models. Journal of Economic Methodology 12 (1):3-34.
Added to index2010-08-11
Total downloads6 ( #195,517 of 1,096,569 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #258,571 of 1,096,569 )
How can I increase my downloads?