David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Beginning in the late 1960s, psychologists began to challenge the view the definitional theory of concepts. According to that theory a concept is a mental representation comprising representations of properties (or “features”) that are individually necessary and jointly sufficient for membership in a category. In place of the definitional view, psychologists initially put forward the prototype theory of concept, according to which concepts comprise representations of features that are typical, salient, and diagnostic for category membership, but not necessarily necessary. The prototype theory gained considerable support in the 1970s, but came under attack in the 1980s. One objection, most forcefully advanced by Jerry Fodor, is that prototypes do not combine compositionally. Compositionality is said to be an adequacy condition on a theory of concepts. If prototypes don’t compose, then prototypes are not concepts. Or so the argument goes.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library||
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Lieven Decock & Igor Douven (2014). What Is Graded Membership? Noûs 48 (4):653-682.
Guillermo Del Pinal (forthcoming). Prototypes as Compositional Components of Concepts. Synthese:1-29.
Similar books and articles
Richard E. Grandy (1990). Concepts, Prototypes, and Information. In Enrique Villanueva (ed.), Information, Semantics, and Epistemology. Blackwell
Gy Fuhrmann (1988). “Prototypes” and “Fuzziness” in the Logic of Concepts. Synthese 75 (3):317 - 347.
Philip Robbins (2005). The Myth of Reverse Compositionality. Philosophical Studies 125 (2):251 - 275.
Alfredo Paternoster (1998). The Alleged Incompatibility of Prototypes and Compositionality. Acta Analytica 20 (20):61-69.
Gy Fuhrmann (1991). Note on the Integration of Prototype Theory and Fuzzy-Set Theory. Synthese 86 (1):1 - 27.
Collin Rice (2013). Concept Empiricism, Content, and Compositionality. Philosophical Studies 162 (3):567-583.
John Jung Park (2013). Prototypes, Exemplars, and Theoretical & Applied Ethics. Neuroethics 6 (2):237-247.
Jerry A. Fodor & Ernest Lepore (1996). The Red Herring and the Pet Fish: Why Concepts Still Can't Be Prototypes. Cognition 58 (2):253-70.
Jussi Jylkkä (2011). Hybrid Extensional Prototype Compositionality. Minds and Machines 21 (1):41-56.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads89 ( #49,584 of 1,934,702 )
Recent downloads (6 months)10 ( #52,874 of 1,934,702 )
How can I increase my downloads?