David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Acta Analytica 22 (2):125-138 (2007)
The objective of this paper is to apply the general idea of contextualism, as a theory of knowledge attribution, to the very specific case of testimony and trust characterized as being the procedure of the attribution of knowledge (and sincerity) to the informant. In the first part, I argue in favor of evidentialism, a viewpoint that takes epistemically responsible trust as a matter of evidence. In the second part, I consider the question of how strong an evidential basis has to be for epistemically responsible trust. I have briefly registered two main tendencies in contemporary debates regarding trust and testimony: (i) the non-unitary character of our trust; (ii) and the requirement for a refinement of evidential standards. In short, I argue in favor of the stance that any ‘undiscriminatory generalization’ (both Redian or anti-reductivist and Humean or reductivist) concerning epistemically responsible trust is a kind of inappropriate theoretical idealization, and that a certain theoretical reconciliation has to be offered. Finally, in the third part, I propose trust-contextualism as the viewpoint that optimally harmonizes both our intuitive and theoretical requirements about epistemically responsible trust.
|Keywords||Trust Testimony Evidentialism Contextualism Epistemic responsibility|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
John Hawthorne (2003). Knowledge and Lotteries. Oxford University Press.
Donald Davidson (1980). Essays on Actions and Events. Oxford University Press.
Alvin Plantinga (1993). Warrant and Proper Function. Oxford University Press.
J. Adler (2002). Belief's Own Ethics. MIT Press.
David Lewis (1996). Elusive Knowledge. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 74 (4):549 – 567.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Richard Holton (1994). Deciding to Trust, Coming to Believe. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 72 (1):63 – 76.
Ian Frowe (2005). Professional Trust. British Journal of Educational Studies 53 (1):34 - 53.
Matteo Turilli, Mariarosaria Taddeo & Antonino Vaccaro (2010). The Case of Online Trust. Knowledge, Technology & Policy 23 (3-4):333-345.
Waymond Rodgers (2010). Three Primary Trust Pathways Underlying Ethical Considerations. Journal of Business Ethics 91 (1):83 - 93.
Marek Kohn (2008). Trust: Self-Interest and the Common Good. Oxford University Press.
Paul Faulkner (2011). Knowledge on Trust. OUP Oxford.
Judith Simon (2010). The Entanglement of Trust and Knowledge on the Web. Ethics and Information Technology 2010 (12):343-355.
Mariarosaria Taddeo (2009). Defining Trust and E-Trust: Old Theories and New Problems. International Journal of Technology and Human Interaction (IJTHI) Official Publication of the Information Resources Management Association 5 (2):23-35.
Robert C. Solomon (1998). Creating Trust. Business Ethics Quarterly 8 (2):205-232.
Snježana Prijić-Samaržija (2001). Trust and Epistemic Cooperation. Croatian Journal of Philosophy 1 (2):147-157.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads32 ( #129,239 of 1,911,774 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #323,440 of 1,911,774 )
How can I increase my downloads?