The normativity challenge: Cultural psychology provides the real threat to virtue ethics [Book Review]
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Journal of Ethics 13 (2-3):117 - 144 (2009)
Situationists argue that virtue ethics is empirically untenable, since traditional virtue ethicists postulate broad, efficacious character traits, and social psychology suggests that such traits do not exist. I argue that prominent philosophical replies to this challenge do not succeed. But cross-cultural research gives reason to postulate character traits, and this undermines the situationist critique. There is, however, another empirical challenge to virtue ethics that is harder to escape. Character traits are culturally informed, as are our ideals of what traits are virtuous, and our ideals of what qualifies as well-being. If virtues and well-being are culturally constructed ideals, then the standard strategy for grounding the normativity of virtue ethics in human nature is undermined.
|Keywords||Culture Normativity Personality Self concepts Situationism Virtue ethics Well-being|
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References found in this work BETA
Julia Annas (2005). Comments on John Doris's Lack of Character. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 71 (3):636–642.
Nafsika Athanassoulis (2000). A Response to Harman: Virtue Ethics and Character Traits. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 100 (2):215–221.
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Citations of this work BETA
Kristján Kristjánsson (2012). Situationism and the Concept of a Situation. European Journal of Philosophy 20 (S1):E52-E72.
Duncan Pritchard (2013). Epistemic Virtue and the Epistemology of Education. Journal of Philosophy of Education 47 (2):236-247.
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