Metacognition and metarepresentation: Is a self-directed theory of mind a precondition for metacognition? [Book Review]

Synthese 159 (2):271 - 295 (2007)
Abstract
Metacognition is often defined as thinking about thinking. It is exemplified in all the activities through which one tries to predict and evaluate one’s own mental dispositions, states and properties for their cognitive adequacy. This article discusses the view that metacognition has metarepresentational structure. Properties such as causal contiguity, epistemic transparency and procedural reflexivity are present in metacognition but missing in metarepresentation, while open-ended recursivity and inferential promiscuity only occur in metarepresentation. It is concluded that, although metarepresentations can redescribe metacognitive contents, metacognition and metarepresentation are functionally distinct
Keywords Metacognition  Metarepresentation  Theory of mind  Reflexivity  Epistemic feelings  Self-prediction  Causal-contiguity  Inferential promiscuity
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Joëlle Proust (2010). Metacognition. Philosophy Compass 5 (11):989-998.
Finn Spicer (2010). Cultural Variations in Folk Epistemic Intuitions. Review of Philosophy and Psychology 1 (4):515-529.

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