David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Chôra 7:87-103 (2011)
This paper proposes a new approach to Augustine’s illumination theory, understanding illumination as resulting from an act of the human being as much as from an action of God. Regardless of God’s ever present light, the human intellect is not constantly and indiscriminately illuminated. In order to explain how the human intellect attains knowledge to different degrees, and how it can resist the divine light without being actually able to deny it, I will make use of two concepts Augustine himself did not employ : the first one is relationship, the second, referring to God, is being-for-others. As being-for-others, God gives the human being not the gift of knowledge, but that of the relationship with Him (as Truth and Wisdom), by means of which the human being can attain knowledge. By placing Himself in relationship with the human being, God grants it the freedom and power to cooperate in divine actions : re-creation after the fall (formatio), illumination and salvation. If passive, the human intellect does not receive knowledge, it is only in its turning towards the ever present light of Truth that it sees the intelligible truths in the divine light, and it is able to do so to the extent of one’s good will, or one’s love (caritas). Augustine sees illumination as a joint action of God and human being, depending on human being no less than on God. The concept of relationship and the understanding of God as being-for-others explain why no illumination will take place without the active role of the human intellect, why the divine light is not coercive, and why Augustine considers the necessity of both human freedom and God’s power in the act of knowledge
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
No categories specified
(categorize this paper)
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Caery A. Evangelist (2010). The Conceptual Content of Augustinian Illumination. Philosophy and Theology 22 (1/2):3-26.
Diana Lobel (2002). “Silence Is Praise to You”. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 76 (1):25-49.
Juan F. Franck (2009). The “Divine” and the Human Person in Rosmini's Thought. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 83 (2):183-200.
Vance G. Morgan (1994). Foreknowledge and Human Freedom in Augustine. Journal of Philosophical Research 19:223-242.
Steven P. Marrone (2001). The Light of Thy Countenance: Science and Knowledge of God in the Thirteenth Century. Brill.
Kevin Timpe (2007). Truth-Making and Divine Eternity. Religious Studies 43 (3):299 - 315.
Lydia Schumacher (2011). Divine Illumination: The History and Future of Augustine's Theory of Knowledge. Wiley-Blackwell.
C. P. Ragland (2005). Descartes on Divine Providence and Human Freedom. Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 87 (2):159-188.
Ilyas Altuner (2012). The Relation of God and Being in Descartes. Igdir University Journal of Social Sciences (2): 33-51.
Maha Elkaisy-Friemuth (2006). God and Humans in Islamic Thought: Abd Al-Jabbar, Ibn Sina and Al-Ghazali. Routledge.
Phillip Cary (2011). Philosophical and Religious Origins of the Private Inner Self. Zygon 46 (1):121-134.
Patricia Marie Calton (2001). Hegel's Metaphysics of God: The Ontological Proof of a Trinitarian Divine Ontology. Ashgate Publishing.
Guy Mansini (2004). On the Impossibility of a Demonstration of Theological Determinism. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 78 (4):573-580.
Douglas P. Lackey (1984). Divine Omniscience and Human Privacy. Philosophy Research Archives 10:383-391.
Added to index2011-12-01
Total downloads11 ( #135,321 of 1,098,973 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #287,052 of 1,098,973 )
How can I increase my downloads?