David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Zygon 44 (3):613-624 (2009)
Recent advances in evolutionary biology and ethology suggest that humans are not the only species capable of empathy and possibly morality. These findings are of no little consequence for theology, given that a nonhuman animal as a free moral agent would beg the question if human beings are indeed uniquely created in God's image. I argue that apes and some other mammals have moral agency and that a traditional interpretation of the imago Dei is incorrectly equating specialness with exclusivity. By framing the problem in terms of metaphor, following the work of Paul Ricoeur and Sallie McFague, I propose that the concept of the imago Dei could be extended to accommodate moral species other than our own.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Marc Bekoff (2004). Wild Justice and Fair Play: Cooperation, Forgiveness, and Morality in Animals. [REVIEW] Biology and Philosophy 19 (4):489-520.
F. B. M. de Waal (1996). Good Natured: The Origins of Right and Wrong in Humans and Other Animals. Harvard University Press.
Frans de Waal (2009). Primates and Philosophers: How Morality Evolved. Princeton University Press.
Jessica C. Flack & Frans Bm de Waal (2000). Any Animal Whatever. Darwinian Building Blocks of Morality in Monkeys and Apes. Journal of Consciousness Studies 7 (1-2):1-2.
Citations of this work BETA
Alan M. W. Porter (2013). Do Animals Have Souls? An Evolutionary Perspective. Heythrop Journal 54 (2):533-542.
Similar books and articles
J. Wentzel van Huyssteen (2008). Primates, Hominids, and Humans—From Species Specificity to Human Uniqueness? A Response to Barbara J. King, Gregory R. Peterson, Wesley J. Wildman, and Nancy R. Howell. [REVIEW] Zygon 43 (2):505-525.
John Lemos (2003). Rachels on Darwinism and Theism. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 77 (3):399-415.
J. E. Hare (1996). The Moral Gap: Kantian Ethics, Human Limits, and God's Assistance. Oxford University Press.
Gijsbert van den Brink (2011). Are We Still Special? Evolution and Human Dignity. Neue Zeitschrift Für Systematische Theologie Und Religionsphilosophie 53 (3):318-332.
Ted Peters (1995). "Playing God" and Germline Intervention. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 20 (4):365-386.
Adam Kolber (2002). Standing Upright: The Moral and Legal Standing of Humans and Other Apes. Stanford Law Review 54:163-204.
Gregory R. Peterson (2008). Uniqueness, the Image of God, and the Problem of Method: Engaging Van Huyssteen. Zygon 43 (2):467-474.
Logi Gunnarsson (2008). The Great Apes and the Severely Disabled: Moral Status and Thick Evaluative Concepts. [REVIEW] Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 11 (3):305 - 326.
Added to index2009-08-27
Total downloads21 ( #85,275 of 1,100,119 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #304,144 of 1,100,119 )
How can I increase my downloads?