David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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We present three studies examining whether multiple-object tracking (MOT) benefits from the active inhibition of nontargets, as proposed in (Pylyshyn, 2004). Using a probedot technique, the first study showed poorer probe detection on nontargets than on either the targets being tracked or in the empty space between objects. The second study used a matching nontracking task to control for possible masking of probes, independent of target tracking. The third study examined how localized the inhibition is to individual nontargets. The result of these three studies led to the conclusion that nontargets are subject to a highly localized object-based inhibition. Implications of this finding for the FINST visual index theory are discussed. We suggest that we need to distinguish between the differentiation (or individuation) of enduring token objects and the process of making the objects accessible through indexes, with only the latter being limited to 4 or 5 objects.
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Citations of this work BETA
Michael Tombu & Adriane E. Seiffert (2008). Attentional Costs in Multiple-Object Tracking. Cognition 108 (1):1-25.
Trafton Drew, Todd S. Horowitz & Edward K. Vogel (2013). Swapping or Dropping? Electrophysiological Measures of Difficulty During Multiple Object Tracking. Cognition 126 (2):213-223.
Jonathan I. Flombaum, Brian J. Scholl & Zenon W. Pylyshyn (2008). Attentional Resources in Visual Tracking Through Occlusion: The High-Beams Effect. Cognition 107 (3):904-931.
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