David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Sophia 48 (2):179-193 (2009)
This paper explores the Rousseauian background to Kant’s critique of metaphysics and philosophical theology. The core idea is that the rejection of metaphysics and philosophical theology is part of a turn from theoretical to practical reason influential on European philosophy of religion, a turn we associate with Kant but that is prefigured by Rousseau. Rousseau is not, however, a thinker normally associated with the notion of metaphysical criticism, nor the notion of the primacy of practical reason. The paper draws out this dimension of Rousseau’s thinking and its importance for Kantian thought. It will proceed by discussing the Kant-Rousseau connection; demonstrate the importance of practical philosophy for Kant and the critical project generally; overview Kant’s critique of metaphysics; and turn to a consideration of Rousseau, particularly from the text Émile . Given the indisputable influence of Rousseau on Kant, the purpose of this paper is to explore the ways that Rousseau’s own rejection of philosophical theology might be suggestive to those interested in Kant and the way in which it throws new light on Kant’s philosophy of religion. As well as drawing out the Kant-Rousseau connection, it also, implicitly, defends the general orientation of these philosophers as one that is important, perhaps vital, to philosophy of religion.
|Keywords||Kant Rousseau Practical reason Critique of metaphysics|
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References found in this work BETA
Manfred Kuehn (2004). Kant: A Biography. Mind 113 (450):365-368.
Frederick Beiser (1987). The Fate of Reason: German Philosophy From Kant to Fichte. Harvard University Press.
Simon Critchley (2001). Continental Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford University Press.
Frederick C. Beiser (1994). Enlightenment, Revolution, and Romanticism: The Genesis of Modern German Political Thought, 1790-1800. Philosophical Review 103 (1):192-194.
Richard Velkley (1989). Freedom and the End of Reason: On the Moral Foundation of Kant's Critical Philosophy. University of Chicago Press.
Citations of this work BETA
Georg Cavallar (2014). Sources of Kant's Cosmopolitanism: Basedow, Rousseau, and Cosmopolitan Education. Studies in Philosophy and Education 33 (4):369-389.
Philip Quadrio (2011). Morality, Politics and Mytho-Poetic Discourse in the Oldest System-Programme for German Idealism: The Rousseauian Answer to a Contemporary Question. [REVIEW] Sophia 50 (4):625-640.
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