Brain-Dead Patients are not Cadavers: The Need to Revise the Definition of Death in Muslim Communities [Book Review]
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
HEC Forum 25 (1):25-45 (2013)
The utilitarian construct of two alternative criteria of human death increases the supply of transplantable organs at the end of life. Neither the neurological criterion (heart-beating donation) nor the circulatory criterion (non-heart-beating donation) is grounded in scientific evidence but based on philosophical reasoning. A utilitarian death definition can have unintended consequences for dying Muslim patients: (1) the expedited process of determining death for retrieval of transplantable organs can lead to diagnostic errors, (2) the equivalence of brain death with human death may be incorrect, and (3) end-of-life religious values and traditional rituals may be sacrificed. Therefore, it is imperative to reevaluate the two different types and criteria of death introduced by the Resolution (Fatwa) of the Council of Islamic Jurisprudence on Resuscitation Apparatus in 1986. Although we recognize that this Fatwa was based on best scientific evidence available at that time, more recent evidence shows that it rests on outdated knowledge and understanding of the phenomenon of human death. We recommend redefining death in Islam to reaffirm the singularity of this biological phenomenon as revealed in the Quran 14 centuries ago
|Keywords||Brain death Cardiac death End-of-life care Intensive care Islam Legal death Organ donation Muslim communities|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Ahmet Bedir & Şahin Aksoy (2011). Brain Death Revisited: It is Not 'Complete Death' According to Islamic Sources. Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (5):290-294.
Rinaldo Bellomo & Nereo Zamperetti (2007). Defining the Vital Condition for Organ Donation. Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 2 (1):27-.
J. L. Bernat (2010). How the Distinction Between "Irreversible" and "Permanent" Illuminates Circulatory-Respiratory Death Determination. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 35 (3):242-255.
James L. Bernat (2006). Are Organ Donors After Cardiac Death Really Dead? Journal of Clinical Ethics 17 (2):122.
Thomas Cochrane & Matt T. Bianchi (2011). “Take My Organs, Please”: A Section of My Living Will. American Journal of Bioethics 11 (8):56-58.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
A. S. Iltis & M. J. Cherry (2010). Death Revisited: Rethinking Death and the Dead Donor Rule. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 35 (3):223-241.
R. M. Veatch (2010). Transplanting Hearts After Death Measured by Cardiac Criteria: The Challenge to the Dead Donor Rule. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 35 (3):313-329.
Daniel I. Wikler (1984). Conceptual Issues in the Definition of Death: A Guide for Public Policy. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 5 (2).
Aasim I. Padela, Ahsan Arozullah & Ebrahim Moosa (2013). Brain Death in Islamic Ethico-Legal Deliberation: Challenges for Applied Islamic Bioethics. Bioethics 27 (3):132-139.
Mike Collins (2010). Reevaluating the Dead Donor Rule. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 35 (2):1-26.
Hans-Martin Sass (1992). Criteria for Death: Self-Determination and Public Policy. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 17 (4):445-454.
Ari Joffe (2010). Are Recent Defences of the Brain Death Concept Adequate? Bioethics 24 (2):47-53.
Paul E. Morrissey (2012). The Case for Kidney Donation Before End-of-Life Care. American Journal of Bioethics 12 (6):1-8.
Franklin G. Miller & Robert Truog (2011). Death, Dying, and Organ Donation: Reconstructing Medical Ethics at the End of Life. Oxford University Press.
Tracy C. Schmidt (2004). The Ohio Study in Light of National Data and Clinical Experience. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 14 (3):235-240.
Mike Nair-Collins (2010). Death, Brain Death, and the Limits of Science: Why the Whole-Brain Concept of Death Is a Flawed Public Policy. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 38 (3):667-683.
Added to index2012-09-28
Total downloads11 ( #146,995 of 1,168,037 )
Recent downloads (6 months)4 ( #46,827 of 1,168,037 )
How can I increase my downloads?