David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Comparative and Continental Philosophy 3 (2):183-206 (2012)
In this essay, I attempt to remedy the relative neglect that has befallen Sartre’s analysis of social relations in the Critique of Dialectical Reason. I show that, contrary to the interpretation of certain commentators, Sartre’s analysis of social relations in this text does not contradict his earlier works. While his early work focuses on individual-to-individual social relations, the Critique of Dialectical Reason complements this by focusing on the way various group formations constrain or enhance the individual’s practical freedom. To outline my argument, I first discuss the relationship between Being and Nothingness and the Critique of Dialectical Reason before going on to identify the four group formations Sartre discusses in the Critique of Dialectical Reason and the implications each has for the individual’s practical freedom. I argue that while the group formations called the series and the institution constrain the individual’s practical freedom, the open, democratic group formations called the group-in-fusion and, in particular, the organized group, enhance the individual’s practical freedom. Because it is membership of an organized group that best enhances the individual’s practical freedom, I conclude by arguing that Sartre implicitly holds that the individual’s practical and political activity should be directed towards the establishment of a group formation that has the characteristics of an organized group
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Jean-Paul Sartre (1992). Notebooks for an Ethics. University of Chicago Press.
Jean-Paul Sartre (1963). Search for a Method. New York, Knopf.
Thomas R. Flynn (1984). Sartre and Marxist Existentialism: The Test Case of Collective Responsibility. University of Chicago Press.
Citations of this work BETA
Gavin Rae (2016). Much Ado About Nothing: The Bergsonian and Heideggerian Roots of Sartre’s Conception of Nothingness. Human Studies 39 (2):249-268.
Similar books and articles
Chad Kleist (2013). Using Sartre's Critique of Dialectical Reason for Managerial Decision-Making. Journal of Business Ethics 112 (2):341-352.
Betty Cannon (2005). Group Therapy as Revolutionary Praxis: A Sartrean View. Sartre Studies International 11 (s 1-2):133-152.
Thomas R. Flynn (2011). Sartre, Foucault and the Critique of (Dialectical) Reason. Sartre Studies International 16 (2):17-35.
Michael J. Monahan (2008). Sartre's Critique of Dialectical Reason and the Inevitability of Violence: Human Freedom in the Milieu of Scarcity. Sartre Studies International 14 (2):48-70.
Kevin Boileau (2004). How Foucault Can Improve Sartre's Theory of Authentic Political Community. Sartre Studies International 10 (2):77-91.
William L. Remley (2012). Sartre and Engels: The Critique of Dialectical Reason and the Confrontation on the Dialectics of Nature. Sartre Studies International 18 (2):19-48.
Robert Bernasconi (2011). Fanon's The Wretched of the Earth as the Fulfillment of Sartre's Critique of Dialectical Reason. Sartre Studies International 16 (2):36-47.
Joseph S. Catalano (2007). The Meaning and Truth of History: A Note on Sartre's Critique of Dialectical Reason. Sartre Studies International 13 (2):47-64.
Kenneth L. Anderson (2002). Transformations of Subjectivity in Sartre's Critique of Dialectical Reason. Journal of Philosophical Research 27:267-280.
Haim Gordon (1985). Dialectical Reason and Education: Sartre's Fused Group. Educational Theory 35 (1):43-56.
Joseph S. Catalano (1986). A Commentary on Jean-Paul Sartre's Critique of Dialectical Reason, Volume 1, Theory of Practical Ensembles. University of Chicago Press.
George J. Stack (1989). A Commentary on Jean-Paul Sartre's "Critique of Dialectical Reason." Volume 1, Theory of Practical Ensembles. Journal of the History of Philosophy 27 (1):167-170.
Sean Blenkinsop (2012). From Waiting for the Bus to Storming the Bastille: From Sartrean Seriality to the Relationships That Form Classroom Communities. Educational Philosophy and Theory 44 (2):183-195.
Erol Kuyurtar (2007). Are Cultural Group Rights Against Individual Rights? The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 3:51-59.
Added to index2012-02-15
Total downloads28 ( #139,398 of 1,796,421 )
Recent downloads (6 months)7 ( #115,715 of 1,796,421 )
How can I increase my downloads?