David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Synthese (3):1-16 (2012)
Strategic games require reasoning about other people’s and one’s own beliefs or intentions. Although they have clear commonalities with psychological tests of theory of mind, they are not clearly related to theory of mind tests for children between 9 and 10 years of age “Flobbe et al. J Logic Language Inform 17(4):417–442 (2008)”. We studied children’s (5–12 years of age) individual differences in how they played a strategic game by analyzing the strategies that they applied in a zero, first, and second-order reasoning task. For the zero-order task, we found two subgroups with different accuracy levels. For the first-order task, subgroups of children applied different suboptimal strategies or an optimal strategy. For the second-order task only suboptimal strategies were present. Strategy use for all tasks was related to age. The 5- and 6-year old children were additionally tested on theory of mind understanding and executive functioning. Strategy-use in these children was related to working memory, but not to theory of mind after correction for age, verbal ability and general IQ
|Keywords||Strategic games Child development Reasoning Theory of mind Strategy analysis|
No categories specified
(categorize this paper)
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Liesbeth Flobbe, Rineke Verbrugge, Petra Hendriks & Irene Krämer (2008). Children's Application of Theory of Mind in Reasoning and Language. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 17 (4):417-442.
Trey Hedden & Jun Zhang (2002). What Do You Think I Think You Think?: Strategic Reasoning in Matrix Games. Cognition 85 (1):1-36.
H. Wimmer (1983). Beliefs About Beliefs: Representation and Constraining Function of Wrong Beliefs in Young Children's Understanding of Deception. Cognition 13 (1):103-128.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Robert Stalnaker (1999). Extensive and Strategic Forms: Games and Models for Games. Research in Economics 53 (3):293 - 319.
Sara Goering (2001). Doing Philosophy with Young Students. Questions: Philosophy for Young People 1:2-2.
Pavel Pudlák (2003). Parallel Strategies. Journal of Symbolic Logic 68 (4):1242-1250.
Emmanuel J. Genot & Justine Jacot (2012). How Can Questions Be Informative Before They Are Answered? Strategic Information in Interrogative Games. Episteme 9 (2):189-204.
Alfonso Montuori (2003). From Strategic Planning to Strategic Design: Reconceptualizing the Future of Strategy in Organizations. World Futures 59 (1):3 – 20.
Steven J. Brams (1982). Omniscience and Omnipotence: How They May Help - or Hurt - in a Game. Inquiry 25 (2):217 – 231.
John A. Parnell (2004). Variations in Strategic Philosophy Among American and Mexican Managers. Journal of Business Ethics 50 (3):267-278.
Morgan P. Miles, Linda S. Munilla & Jenny Darroch (2006). The Role of Strategic Conversations with Stakeholders in the Formation of Corporate Social Responsibility Strategy. Journal of Business Ethics 69 (2):195 - 205.
Matt McCormick (2001). Is It Wrong to Play Violent Video Games? Ethics and Information Technology 3 (4):277–287.
Alexander Matros, Existence of Mixed Strategy Equilibria in a Class of Discontinuous Games with Unbounded Strategy Sets.
Giacomo Bonanno (2008). A Syntactic Approach to Rationality in Games with Ordinal Payoffs. In Giacomo Bonanno, Wiebe van der Hoek & Michael Wooldridge (eds.), Logic and the Foundations of Game and Decision Theory. Amsterdam University Press
P. Shaw (1996). The Tortoise and the Prisoners' Dilemma. Mind 105 (419):475-483.
Steven J. Brams & D. Marc Kilgour (1988). National Security Games. Synthese 76 (2):185 - 200.
Added to index2012-11-14
Total downloads3 ( #448,059 of 1,707,766 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #352,887 of 1,707,766 )
How can I increase my downloads?