David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 3 (1):1-23 (2004)
Subliminal perception (SP) is today considered a well-supported theory stating that perception can occur without conscious awareness and have a significant impact on later behaviour and thought. In this article, we first present and discuss different approaches to the study of SP. In doing this, we claim that most approaches are based on a dichotomic measure of awareness. Drawing upon recent advances and discussions in the study of introspection and phenomenological psychology, we argue for both the possibility and necessity of using an elaborated measure of subjective states. In the second part of the article, we present findings where these considerations are implemented in an empirical study. The results and implications are discussed in detail, both with reference to SP, and in relation to the more general problem of using elaborate introspective reports as data in relation to studies of cognition
|Keywords||Blindsight Introspection Perception Science Subliminal|
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Kristian Sandberg, Bert Timmermans, Morten Overgaard & Axel Cleeremans (2010). Measuring Consciousness: Is One Measure Better Than the Other? Consciousness and Cognition 19 (4):1069-1078.
Ben R. Newell & David R. Shanks (2014). Unconscious Influences on Decision Making: A Critical Review. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 38 (1):1-19.
Eunice Yang, Jan Brascamp, Min-Suk Kang & Randolph Blake (2014). On the Use of Continuous Flash Suppression for the Study of Visual Processing Outside of Awareness. Frontiers in Psychology 5.
Tom Froese, Hiroyuki Iizuka & Takashi Ikegami (2014). Using Minimal Human-Computer Interfaces for Studying the Interactive Development of Social Awareness. Frontiers in Psychology 5.
Ziv Peremen & Dominique Lamy (2014). Comparing Unconscious Processing During Continuous Flash Suppression and Meta-Contrast Masking Just Under the Limen of Consciousness. Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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