David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Military Ethics 5 (1):32-54 (2006)
This essay makes three claims about preventive war, which is demarcated from preemptive war and is part of a broader class of ?anticipatory? wars. Anticipatory wars, but especially preventive war, are ?hard cases? for traditional Just War theory; other puzzles for this tradition include nuclear deterrence, humanitarian intervention, and provability a priori of the success of Tit-for-Tat. First, and despite strong assertions to the contrary, it is far from clear that preventive war is absolutely prohibited in traditional Just War Theory, and it is also dubious that it is in all cases ?clearly illegal?. Second, the morality of both preemptive and preventive wars is shown to turn on epistemological considerations: on what degree and kind of justification the primary metaphysical facts of threat can be reasonably believed. Third, an argument is made that whatever epistemic threshold is held to be necessary, some preventive wars will exceed it, and that this is more likely with advancing technologies of information acquisition. Finally, the common argument that allowing all nations to follow policies of preventive war would result in more wars than barring such policies is shown to be mistaken by simulations in game theory. Suggestions are made about the derivation of traditional Just War criteria from more basic moral principles, and about their subtle failures as jointly necessary conditions for the morality of war
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
John Rawls (1999). The Law of Peoples. Harvard University Press.
Michael Ignatieff (2004). The Lesser Evil: Political Ethics in an Age of Terror. Edinburgh University Press.
Jeff McMahan (1994). Self-Defense and the Problem of the Innocent Attacker. Ethics 104 (2):252-290.
Richard Tuck (1999). The Rights of War and Peace: Political Thought and the International Order From Grotius to Kant. Clarendon Press.
David Luban (2004). Preventive War. Philosophy and Public Affairs 32 (3):207–248.
Citations of this work BETA
Randall R. Dipert (2010). The Ethics of Cyberwarfare. Journal of Military Ethics 9 (4):384-410.
Randall R. Dipert (2013). Other-Than-Internet (OTI) Cyberwarfare: Challenges for Ethics, Law, and Policy. Journal of Military Ethics 12 (1):34-53.
David Danks & Joseph H. Danks (2013). The Moral Permissibility of Automated Responses During Cyberwarfare. Journal of Military Ethics 12 (1):18-33.
Similar books and articles
John W. Lango (2005). Preventive Wars, Just War Principles, and the United Nations. Journal of Ethics 9 (1-2):247 - 268.
Steven Metz & Phillip R. Cuccia (eds.) (2011). Defining War for the 21st Century. Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College.
Alexander Moseley (2005). John Locke's Morality of War. Journal of Military Ethics 4 (2):119-128.
Richard C. Anderson (2005). The Moral Consequences of Preemptive Strikes and Preventive War. In Timothy Shanahan (ed.), Philosophy 9/11: Thinking About the War on Terrorism. Open Court
Jeff McMahan (2010). The Laws of War. In Samantha Besson & John Tasioulas (eds.), The Philosophy of International Law. OUP Oxford
Steven Lee (2011). Ethics and War: An Introduction. Cambridge University Press.
Patience Coster (2013). The Ethics of War. Rosen Central.
Whitley Kaufman (2005). What's Wrong with Preventive War? The Moral and Legal Basis for the Preventive Use of Force. Ethics and International Affairs 19 (3):23–38.
Yigal Levin & Amnon Shapira (eds.) (2011). War and Peace in Jewish Tradition: From the Biblical World to the Present. Routledge.
A. J. Coates (1997). The Ethics of War. Distributed Exclusively in the Usa by St. Martin's Press.
Lucinda J. Peach (1994). An Alternative to Pacifism? Feminism and Just-War Theory. Hypatia 9 (2):152-172.
Added to index2010-08-24
Total downloads24 ( #172,737 of 1,938,440 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #208,303 of 1,938,440 )
How can I increase my downloads?