David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Philosophical Explorations 7 (2):149 – 166 (2004)
John Searle claims that intentional states require a set of non-intentional background capacities in order to function. He insists that this 'Background' should be construed naturalistically, in terms of the causal properties of biological brains. This paper examines the relationship between Searle's conception of the Background and his commitment to biological naturalism. It is first observed that the arguments Searle ventures in support of the Background's existence do not entail a naturalistic interpretation. Searle's claim that external realism is part of the Background is then addressed. It is shown that this claim implies an implicit understanding of reality, which is presupposed by the intelligibility of any objective, scientific description. As a consequence, Searle's account of the Background's role is incompatible with his insistence that it can be comprehensively characterized in terms of biological capacities. I conclude by showing that, if the tension is resolved by rejecting biological naturalism, Searle's position takes a substantial step in the direction of Heideggerian phenomenology, a move Searle has emphatically resisted in his various exchanges with Hubert Dreyfus.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
James D. Madden (2011). Realism, Nominalism, and Biological Naturalism. International Philosophical Quarterly 51 (1):85-102.
Denis Sauvé (2006). L'arrière-Plan de l'Intentionnalité Selon John Searle. Dialogue 45 (1):3-27.
Vegard Fusche Moe (2007). Understanding the Background Conditions of Skilled Movement in Sport: A Study of Searle's 'Background Capacities'. Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 1 (3):299 – 324.
James P. Moreland (1998). Searle's Biological Naturalism and the Argument From Consciousness. Faith and Philosophy 15 (1):68-91.
Mikhail Kissine (2011). Misleading Appearances: Searle on Assertion and Meaning. [REVIEW] Erkenntnis 74 (1):115-129.
Kevin J. Corcoran (2001). The Trouble with Searle's Biological Naturalism. Erkenntnis 55 (3):307-324.
Iordanis Marcoulatos (2003). John Searle and Pierre Bourdieu: Divergent Perspectives on Intentionality and Social Ontology. [REVIEW] Human Studies 26 (1):67-96.
Christian Beyer (1997). Hussearle's Representationalism and the “Hypothesis of the Background”. Synthese 112 (3):323-352.
Chris Fraser (2008). Wc-Wtl, the Background, and Intentionality. In Bo Mou (ed.), Searle's Philosophy and Chinese Philosophy: Constructive Engagement. Brill. 27--63.
John R. Searle, Barry Smith, Leo Zaibert & Josef Moural (2001). Rationality in Action: A Symposium. Philosophical Explorations 4 (2):66 – 94.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads25 ( #57,437 of 1,004,657 )
Recent downloads (6 months)4 ( #22,116 of 1,004,657 )
How can I increase my downloads?