David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 12 (4):597-614 (2013)
This paper addresses the phenomenology of hopelessness. I distinguish two broad kinds of predicament that are easily confused: ‘loss of hopes’ and ‘loss of hope’. I argue that not all hope can be characterised as an intentional state of the form ‘I hope that p’. It is possible to lose all hopes of that kind and yet retain another kind of hope. The hope that remains is not an intentional state or a non-intentional bodily feeling. Rather, it is a ‘pre-intentional’ orientation or ‘existential feeling’, by which I mean something in the context of which certain kinds of intentional state, including intentional hope, are intelligible. I go on to discuss severe depression, lack of aspiration, demoralisation and loss of trust in the world, in order to distinguish some qualitatively different forms that loss of hope can take
|Keywords||Demoralisation Depression Existential feeling Hopelessness Pre-intentional emotion Radical hope|
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References found in this work BETA
John R. Searle (1983). Intentionality: An Essay in the Philosophy of Mind. Cambridge University Press.
Peter Goldie (2000/2002). The Emotions: A Philosophical Exploration. Oxford University Press.
Matthew Ratcliffe (2008). Feelings of Being: Phenomenology, Psychiatry and the Sense of Reality. Oxford University Press.
Jean-Paul Sartre (1956/1994). Being and Nothingness. Distributed by Random House.
Jonathan Lear (2006). Radical Hope: Ethics in the Face of Cultural Devastation. Harvard University Press.
Citations of this work BETA
Anthony Vincent Fernandez (2014). Depression as Existential Feeling or de-Situatedness? Distinguishing Structure From Mode in Psychopathology. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 13 (4):595-612.
Matthew Ratcliffe (2004). Realism, Biologism and 'the Background'. Philosophical Explorations 7 (2):149 – 166.
Gareth S. Owen, Fabian Freyenhagen, Matthew Hotopf & Wayne Martin (2015). Temporal Inabilities and Decision-Making Capacity in Depression. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 14 (1):163-182.
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