David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Bioethics Quarterly 2 (1):6-19 (1980)
The question of the morality ofin vitro fertilization is examined. One of the central questions to be answered is whether the zygote loss that seems inseparable from the process is morally justified. Even when embryo transfer occurs, many zygotes which have been intentionally created are intentionally destroyed; they are used as means to the alleged benefits that others will attain (the benefit to the infertile couple, to the child produced by the process, and to those who might benefit from the increase of genetic knowledge that allegedly will occur fromin vitro research).The justifications advanced in defense of early abortion are discussed, and it is shown that these justifications must be totally distinct from those advanced in support ofin vitro fertilization.A theory of values is proposed which shows why a set of reasons may justify early abortion, but not an abortion late in the pregnancy. This theory states that the value characteristics of an entity are notidentical to the characteristics which make the entityhuman.It is concluded that if certain key empirical assumptions are correct, then in vitro fertilization is a morally permissible process; however, the falsity of these assumptions, or the unsoundness of the theory of value, might well result in a reversal of this judgment
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Judith Lorber (1989). Choice, Gift, or Patriarchal Bargain? Women's Consent to in Vitro Fertilization in Male Infertility. Hypatia 4 (3):23 - 36.
Aaron L. Mackler (1997). An Expanded Partnership with God? In Vitro Fertilization in Jewish Ethics. Journal of Religious Ethics 25 (2):277-304.
Edward W. Keyserlingk (1981). Artificial Insemination and in Vitro Fertilization. Bioethics Quarterly 3 (1):35-49.
Peter Singer (1989). Australian Commissions and Committees on Issues in Bioethics. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 14 (4):403-424.
Zelman Cowen (1985). Reflections on Medicine, Biotechnology, and the Law. Distributed by the University of Nebraska Press.
Uwe Koerner (1989). Policy Positions on in Vitro Fertilization and Embryo Transfer in Human Individuals (German Democratic Republic, 1985). Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 14 (3):355-358.
John W. Carlson (1989). Donum Vitae on Homologous Interventions: Is Ivf-Et a Less Acceptable Gift Than "Gift"? Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 14 (5):523-540.
Jeff McMahan (1998). Wrongful Life: Paradoxes in the Morality of Causing People to Exist. In Jules L. Coleman, Christopher W. Morris & Gregory S. Kavka (eds.), Rational Commitment and Social Justice: Essays for Gregory Kavka. Cambridge University Press 208--47.
Suzanne Uniacke (1987). In Vitro Fertilization and the Right to Reproduce. Bioethics 1 (3):241–254.
A. E. Hinkley (2012). In Vitro Fertilization, Double Effect, and Stem Cell Research: An Introduction. Christian Bioethics 18 (3):231-234.
John Harris (1983). In Vitro Fertilization: The Ethical Issues (I). Philosophical Quarterly 33 (132):217-237.
Mary Warnock (1983). In Vitro Fertilization: The Ethical Issues (II). Philosophical Quarterly 33 (132):238-249.
Bruce N. Waller (1995). Abortion and in Vitro Fertilization. Journal of Social Philosophy 26 (1):119-128.
Christine Overall (1991). Access to In Vitro Fertilization: Costs, Care and Consent. Dialogue 30 (03):383-397.
Urban Wiesing (1993). In Vitro Fertilization: Regulations in Germany. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 2 (3):321.
Added to index2010-08-24
Total downloads16 ( #281,218 of 1,932,585 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #272,096 of 1,932,585 )
How can I increase my downloads?