David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Mind and Language 21 (3):434–458 (2006)
Cognitive theories of metaphor understanding are typically described in terms of the mappings between different kinds of abstract, schematic, disembodied knowledge. My claim in this paper is that part of our ability to make sense of metaphorical language, both individual utterances and extended narratives, resides in the automatic construction of a simulation whereby we imagine performing the bodily actions referred to in the language. Thus, understanding metaphorical expressions like ‘grasp a concept’ or ‘get over’ an emotion involve simulating what it must be like to engage in these specific activities, even though these actions are, strictly speaking, impossible to physically perform. This process of building a simulation, one that is fundamentally embodied in being constrained by past and present bodily experiences, has specific consequences for how verbal metaphors are understood, and how cognitive scientists, more generally, characterize the nature of metaphorical language and thought.
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References found in this work BETA
Benjamin Bergen (2005). Mental Simulation in Literal and Figurative Language Understanding. In Seana Coulson & Barbara Lewandowska-Tomaszczyk (eds.), The Literal and Nonliteral in Language and Thought. Peter Lang 255--280.
Gregory Currie & Ian Ravenscroft (2002). Recreative Minds: Imagination in Philosophy and Psychology. Oxford University Press.
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Vittorio Gallese (2000). The Inner Sense of Action: Agency and Motor Representations. Journal of Consciousness Studies 7 (10):23-40.
Raymond W. Gibbs (2006). Embodiment and Cognitive Science. New York ;Cambridge University Press.
Citations of this work BETA
Raymond W. Gibbs & Marcus Perlman (2010). Language Understanding is Grounded in Experiential Simulations: A Response to Weiskopf. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 41 (3):305-308.
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Language 21 (3):434-458.
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