David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 37 (2):203-229 (2006)
This paper uses the friendship and collaboration of Edwin Ray Lankester , zoologist, and Herbert George Wells , novelist and journalist, to challenge the current interpretation of late Victorian concern over degeneration as essentially an intellectual movement with little influence in contemporary debates over social and political problems. Degeneration theory provided for Lankester and Wells the basis both for a personal bond and for an active programme of social and educational reform. I trace the construction of Lankester’s account of degeneration, initially as empirical ‘fact’ and later as ideologically inflected theory, and the reciprocal relationship between this theory and his critique of the British university system. I use Wells’s Outline of history to illustrate the profound influence of Lankester’s degenerationist worldview on Wells’s scientific and socio-political thought. Lankester’s synthesis of his theory and his critique led the two men to reject eugenics as an unscientific and ideologically incompatible solution to the problem of national deterioration. Instead, they campaigned for the reform of scientific education as a means of keeping mankind from physical, intellectual and cultural degeneration
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Anna-K. Mayer (2005). Reluctant Technocrats: Science Promotion in the Neglect-of-Science Debate of 1916-1918. History of Science 43 (2):139-159.
Emel Aileen Gökyiḡit (1994). The Reception of Francis Galton's "Hereditary Genius" in the Victorian Periodical Press. Journal of the History of Biology 27 (2):215 - 240.
H. G. Wells (1904). Scepticism of the Instrument. Mind 13 (51):379-393.
Lewis S. Feuer (1979). The Letters of Edwin Ray Lankester to Karl Marx: The Last Stage in Marx's Intellectual Revolution. Journal of the History of Ideas 40 (4):633.
J. E. Chamberlin (1981). An Anatomy of Cultural Melancholy. Journal of the History of Ideas 42 (4):691.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
T. Whittaker (1913). Book Review:The Great State. H. G. Wells, Frances Evelyn Warwick, L. G. Chiozza Money, E. Ray Lankester, C. J. Bond, E. S. P. Haynes, Cecil Chesterton, Cicely Hamilton, Roger Fry, G. R. S. Taylor, Conrad Noel, Herbert Trench, Hugh P. Vowels. [REVIEW] Ethics 23 (2):242-.
Frank Granger (1919). Natural Science and the Classical System in Education Natural Science and the Classical System in Education: Essays New and Old. Edited by Sir Ray Lankester. One Volume. Pp. X + 268. London: Heinemann, 1918. 2s. 6d. Net. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 33 (5-6):110-113.
W. E. P. Cotter (1898). Wells' Short History of Rome A Short History of Rome to the Death of Augustus, by T. Wells, M.A. Methuen and Co. Pp. 353. 3s. 6d. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 12 (04):232-.
James R. Hofmann & Bruce H. Weber (2003). The Fact of Evolution: Implications for Science Education. Science and Education 12 (8):729-760.
Tommy J. Curry (2012). The Fortune of Wells: Ida B. Wells-Barnett's Use of T. Thomas Fortune's Philosophy of Social Agitation as a Prolegomenon to Militant Civil Rights Activism. Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 48 (4):456-482.
Kaya Yilmaz (2010). Postmodernism and its Challenge to the Discipline of History: Implications for History Education. Educational Philosophy and Theory 42 (7):779-795.
Pei Xin Cong (2003). The Theory of Contrary (the Theory of Degeneration). American International Pub. House.
Lewis S. Feuer (1993). Gertrude Himmelfarb: A Historian Considers Heroes and Their Historians. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 23 (1):5-25.
Ray Lepley (1931). Dependability in Philosophy of Education. [New York,Ams Press.
Brooks Adams (1971). The Law of Civilization and Decay. New York,Books for Libraries Press.
Wesley Raymond Wells (1918). The Fallacy in H. G. Wells's “New Religion”. The Monist 28 (4):604-608.
Manfred Welti (1986). Laws Governing Degeneration of the Genetic Code. Acta Biotheoretica 35 (1-2):3-14.
Jas Johnstone (1931). The Science of Life. By H. G. Wells, Julian Huxley, and G. P. Wells. (London: Cassell & Co. Pp. 895, 339 Illustrations. 1931. Price 21s. Net.). [REVIEW] Philosophy 6 (24):506-.
George A. Wells (2013). How Confident Can We Be in Reconstructions of the Past? Think 12 (33):17-23.
Added to index2010-08-30
Total downloads11 ( #340,731 of 2,225,132 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #218,490 of 2,225,132 )
How can I increase my downloads?