David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Personal utilitarianism applies act-utilitarianism to the problem of individual choice. It is based on the view that the good life is achieved through maximizing the sum of individual measures of utility over a population. the population being the sequence of semi-autonomous selves from which the individual is composed. I begin by showing how our lives can usefully be partitioned into selves because the weights put on our various choice motives are constantly changing and, consequently, our preferences themselves concerning what we should choose at any given time can also change from moment-to-moment. In particular, because we put disproportionate weight on our present needs relative to our future ones, we often become impatient and choose options that offer immediate gratification. I use concepts from game theory to describe multiple selves, and to discuss how strategic interactions between selves are possible, and then conclude by considering the practical problem of how to achieve the good life, or how can we get our selves to choose what is best for us in the long run.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library||
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Peter Vallentyne (1993). Utilitarianism and Infinite Utility. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 71 (2):212 – 217.
Daniel Hunter (1994). Act Utilitarianism and Dynamic Deliberation. Erkenntnis 41 (1):1 - 35.
Michele S. Moses (1997). Multicultural Education as Fostering Individual Autonomy. Studies in Philosophy and Education 16 (4):373-388.
Daniel Read & Peter Roelofsma (1999). Hard Choices and Weak Wills: The Theory of Intrapersonal Dilemmas. Philosophical Psychology 12 (3):341 – 356.
Jörg Schroth (2008). Distributive Justice and Welfarism in Utilitarianism. Inquiry 51 (2):123-146.
Craig Paterson (2003). A Life Not Worth Living? Studies in Christian Ethics 16 (2):1-20.
Fred Feldman, What is the Rational Care Theory of Welfare? A Comment on Stephen Darwall's Welfare and Rational Care.
Peter Vallentyne (2009). Broome on Moral Goodness and Population Ethics. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 78 (3):739 - 746.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads22 ( #121,093 of 1,699,829 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #362,609 of 1,699,829 )
How can I increase my downloads?