David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 58 (2):347 - 360 (1998)
This paper defends Mereological Universalism(the thesis that, for any set S of disjoint objects, there is an object that the members of S compose. Universalism is unpalatable to many philosophers because it entails that if there are such things as my left tennis shoe, W. V. Quine, and the Taj Mahal, then there is another object that those three things compose. This paper presents and criticizes Peter van Inwagen's argument against Universalism and then presents a new argument in favor of Universalism. It turns out that the most reasonable way to resist the argument for Universalism is to deny the existence of artifacts; thus, if we believe in artifacts, we have no real choice other than to embrace Universalism
|Keywords||mereology universalism composition|
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Citations of this work BETA
Kris McDaniel (2010). Parts and Wholes. Philosophy Compass 5 (5):412-425.
Sean Walsh (2012). Modal Mereology and Modal Supervenience. Philosophical Studies 159 (1):1-20.
Michael C. Rea (2011). Hylomorphism Reconditioned. Philosophical Perspectives 25 (1):341-358.
Achille C. Varzi (2006). The Universe Among Other Things. Ratio 19 (1):107–120.
Michael C. Rea (2010). Universalism and Extensionalism: A Reply to Varzi. Analysis 70 (3):490-496.
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