David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Oxford University Press (2010)
This book argues against the traditional understanding of the semantics/pragmatics divide and puts forward a radical alternative. Through half a dozen case studies, it shows that what an utterance says cannot be neatly separated from what the speaker means. In particular, the speaker's meaning endows words with senses that are tailored to the situation of utterance and depart from the conventional meanings carried by the words in isolation. This phenomenon of ‘pragmatic modulation’ must be taken into account in theorizing about semantic content, for it interacts with the grammar-driven process of semantic composition. Because of that interaction, the book argues, the content of a sentence always depends upon the context in which it is used. This claim defines Contextualism, a view which has attracted considerable attention in recent years, and of which the author of this book is one of the main proponents.
|Keywords||pragmatics semantic content modulation contextualism speaker's meaning what is said|
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Jan Almäng (2012). Time, Mode and Perceptual Content. Acta Analytica 27 (4):425-439.
Jesper Kallestrup (2011). Actually-Rigidified Descriptivism Revisited. Dialectica 66 (1):5-21.
Alex Barber (2013). Understanding as Knowledge of Meaning. Philosophy Compass 8 (10):964-977.
John Collins (2014). Cutting It (Too) Fine. Philosophical Studies 169 (2):143-172.
Petra B. Schumacher (2014). Content and Context in Incremental Processing: “The Ham Sandwich” Revisited. Philosophical Studies 168 (1):151-165.
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