Are prohibitions of superluminal causation by stochastic Einstein locality and by absence of Lewisian probabilistic counterfactual causality equivalent?
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Philosophy of Science 60 (4):608-618 (1993)
Butterfield's (1992a,b,c) claim of the equivalence of absence of Lewisian probabilistic counterfactual causality (LC) to Hellman's stochastic Einstein locality (SEL) is questioned. Butterfield's assumption on which the proof of his claim is based would suffice to prove that SEL implies absence of LC also for appropriately given versions of these notions in algebraic quantum field theory, but the assumption is not an admissible one. The conclusion must be that the relation of SEL and absence of LC is open, and that they may be independent.
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John Earman & Giovanni Valente (2014). Relativistic Causality in Algebraic Quantum Field Theory. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 28 (1):1-48.
Miklós Rédei (1997). Reichenbach's Common Cause Principle and Quantum Field Theory. Foundations of Physics 27 (10):1309-1321.
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