David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
International Journal of the Platonic Tradition 5 (2):283-302 (2012)
Dreams are used figuratively throughout Greek literature to refer to something fleeting and/or unreal. In Plato, this metaphorical language is specifically used to describe an epistemological distinction: the one who has false knowledge or opinion is said to be dreaming while the one who has true knowledge is said to be awake. These figures are also central to Philo of Alexandria's philosophical language in De somniis 1-2 and De Iosepho . Although scholars have documented these epistemological metaphors in Plato and related treatments of the concept of sleep in Heraclitus, it has not been discussed in any detail in relation to Philo's treatment of Joseph in these two treatises. In De somniis 1-2, Philo primarily emphasizes his role as a dreamer and thus one incapable of true knowledge. In De Iosepho , Joseph is a dream interpreter who is not only awake but also capable of interpreting the figurative dream of life to which most people are subject. Although some scholars have considered these treatises contradictory in terms of their treatments of Joseph, an analysis of Philo's figurative use of sleep and dreaming reveals that they are a part of a coherent exegetical framework
|Keywords||dreams metaphor Plato epistemology Heraclitus sleep Philo of Alexandria|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Anton Coenen (2000). The Divorce of Rem Sleep and Dreaming. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):922-924.
Corrado Cavallero (2000). Rem Sleep = Dreaming: The Never-Ending Story. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):916-917.
Milton Kramer (2000). Dreaming has Content and Meaning Not Just Form. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):959-961.
J. Allan Hobson, Edward F. Pace-Schott & Robert Stickgold (2000). Dream Science 2000: A Response to Commentaries on Dreaming and the Brain. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):1019-1035.
Owen J. Flanagan (2000). Dreaming Souls: Sleep, Dreams, and the Evolution of the Conscious Mind. Oxford University Press.
Alexander A. Borbély & Lutz Wittmann (2000). Sleep, Not Rem Sleep, is the Royal Road to Dreams. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):911-912.
Michael Schredl (2000). Dream Research: Integration of Physiological and Psychological Models. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):1001-1003.
J. F. Pagel (2000). Dreaming is Not a Non-Conscious Electrophysiologic State. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):984-988.
Jennifer M. Windt (2010). The Immersive Spatiotemporal Hallucination Model of Dreaming. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 9 (2):295-316.
Jim F. Pagel (2004). Drug Induced Alterations in Dreaming: An Exploration of the Dream Data Terrain Outside Activation-Synthesis. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (5):702-707.
Susan J. Blackmore (1991). Lucid Dreaming: Awake in Your Sleep? Skeptical Inquirer 15:362-370.
J. Allan Hobson, Edward F. Pace-Schott & Robert Stickgold (2003). Dreaming and the Brain: Toward a Cognitive Neuroscience of Conscious States. In Edward F. Pace-Schott, Mark Solms, Mark Blagrove & Stevan Harnad (eds.), Sleep and Dreaming: Scientific Advances and Reconsiderations. Cambridge University Press 793-842.
Tracey L. Kahan (2000). The “Problem” of Dreaming in NREM Sleep Continues to Challenge Reductionist (Two Generator) Models of Dream Generation. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):956-958.
V. S. Rotenberg (2000). Search Activity: A Key to Resolving Contradictions in Sleep/Dream Investigation. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):996-999.
George Botterill (2008). The Internal Problem of Dreaming: Detection and Epistemic Risk. International Journal of Philosophical Studies 16 (2):139 – 160.
Added to index2011-09-23
Total downloads14 ( #184,535 of 1,726,249 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #231,316 of 1,726,249 )
How can I increase my downloads?