David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 71 (1):134–142 (2005)
Knowledge is standardly taken to be belief that is both true and justified (and perhaps meets other conditions as well). Timothy Williamson rejects the standard epistemology for its inability to solve the Gettier problem. The moral of this failure, he argues, is that knowledge does not factor into a combination that includes a mental state (belief) and an external condition (truth), but is itself a type of mental state. Knowledge is, according to his preferred account, the most general factive mental state. I argue, however, that Gettier cases pose a serious problem for Williamson’s epistemology: in these cases, thesubject may have a factive mental state that fails to be cognitive. Hence, knowledge cannot be the most general factive mental state.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Timothy Williamson (2000). Knowledge and its Limits. Oxford University Press.
Edmund Gettier (1963). Is Justified True Belief Knowledge? Analysis 23 (6):121-123.
Alvin Goldman (1976). Discrimination and Perceptual Knowledge. Journal of Philosophy 73 (November):771-791.
John McDowell (1982). Criteria, Defeasibility, and Knowledge. Proceedings of the British Academy 68:455-79.
Robert K. Shope (1983). The Analysis of Knowing: A Decade of Research. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press.
Citations of this work BETA
John Turri (2010). Does Perceiving Entail Knowing? Theoria 76 (3):197-206.
Baron Reed (2012). Fallibilism. Philosophy Compass 7 (9):585-596.
Baron Reed (2009). A New Argument for Skepticism. Philosophical Studies 142 (1):91 - 104.
Similar books and articles
Cesare Cozzo (2011). Is Knowledge the Most General Factive Stative Attitude? In Carlo Cellucci, Emiliano Ippoliti & Emily Grosholz (eds.), Logic and Knowledge. Cambridge Scholars Publishing 84-88.
Jonathan Stoltz (2007). Gettier and Factivity in Indo-Tibetan Epistemology. Philosophical Quarterly 57 (228):394–415.
Adam Leite (2005). On Williamson's Arguments That Knowledge is a Mental State. Ratio 18 (2):165–175.
Bernard Molyneux (2007). Primeness, Internalism and Explanatory Generality. Philosophical Studies 135 (2):255 - 277.
Alvin Goldman (2009). Williamson on Knowledge and Evidence. In Patrick Greenough, Duncan Pritchard & Timothy Williamson (eds.), Williamson on Knowledge. Oxford University Press 73-91.
Declan Smithies (2012). Mentalism and Epistemic Transparency. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 90 (4):723-741.
Jennifer Nagel (2013). Knowledge as a Mental State. Oxford Studies in Epistemology 4:275-310.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads69 ( #66,342 of 1,938,858 )
Recent downloads (6 months)12 ( #45,747 of 1,938,858 )
How can I increase my downloads?