David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Acta Biotheoretica 27 (3-4):201-235 (1978)
The philosophical or metaphysical architecture of Darwin's theory of evolution by natural selection is analyzed and diflussed. It is argued that natural selection was for Darwin a paradigmatic case of a natural law of change — an exemplar of what Ghiselin (1969) has called selective retention laws. These selective retention laws lie at the basis of Darwin's revolutionary world view. In this essay special attention is paid to the consequences for Darwin's concept of species of his selective retention laws. Although Darwin himself explicity supported a variety of nominalism, implicit in the theory of natural selection is a solution to the dispute between nominalism and realism. It is argued that, although implicit, this view plays a very important role in Darwin's theory of natural selection as the means for the origin of species. It is in the context of these selective retention laws and their philosophical implications that Darwin's method is appraised in the light of recent criticisms, and the conclusion drawn that he successfully treated some philosophical problems by approaching them through natural history. Following this an outline of natural selection theory is presented in which all these philosophical issues are highlighted.
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References found in this work BETA
Edward Reed (1978). Group Selection and Methodological Individualism: A Criticism of Watkins. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 29 (3):256-262.
Edward S. Reed & Rebecca K. Jones (1979). James Gibson's Ecological Revolution in Psychology. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 9 (2):189-204.
Imre Lakatos (1970). Falsificationism and the Methodology of Scientific Research Programs' in I. Lakatos and A. Musgrave. In Imre Lakatos & Alan Musgrave (eds.), Criticism and the Growth of Knowledge. Cambridge University Press
Citations of this work BETA
P. Dullemeijer (1980). Functional Morphology and Evolutionary Biology. Acta Biotheoretica 29 (3-4):151-250.
Edward S. Reed (1986). James J. Gibson's Revolution in Perceptual Psychology: A Case Study of the Transformation of Scientific Ideas. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 17 (1):65-98.
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