Graduate studies at Western
Cognitive Science 35 (4):587-637 (2011)
|Abstract||The psycholinguistic literature has identified two syntactic adaptation effects in language production: rapidly decaying short-term priming and long-lasting adaptation. To explain both effects, we present an ACT-R model of syntactic priming based on a wide-coverage, lexicalized syntactic theory that explains priming as facilitation of lexical access. In this model, two well-established ACT-R mechanisms, base-level learning and spreading activation, account for long-term adaptation and short-term priming, respectively. Our model simulates incremental language production and in a series of modeling studies, we show that it accounts for (a) the inverse frequency interaction; (b) the absence of a decay in long-term priming; and (c) the cumulativity of long-term adaptation. The model also explains the lexical boost effect and the fact that it only applies to short-term priming. We also present corpus data that verify a prediction of the model, that is, that the lexical boost affects all lexical material, rather than just heads|
|Keywords||Categorial grammar Incrementality Adaptation ACT‐R Syntactic priming Cognitive architectures|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Alex B. Fine & T. Florian Jaeger (2013). Evidence for Implicit Learning in Syntactic Comprehension. Cognitive Science 37 (3):578-591.
Holly P. Branigan & Martin J. Pickering (2004). Syntactic Representation in the Lemma Stratum. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (2):296-297.
Timothy P. McNamara (2005). Semantic Priming: Perspectives From Memory and Word Recognition. Psychology Press.
Micah B. Goldwater, Marc T. Tomlinson, Catharine H. Echols & Bradley C. Love (2011). Structural Priming as Structure-Mapping: Children Use Analogies From Previous Utterances to Guide Sentence Production. Cognitive Science 35 (1):156-170.
Peter M. Milner (1997). Repetition Priming: Memory or Attention? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (4):623-623.
Anthony G. Greenwald, R. L. Abrams, Lionel Naccache & Stanislas Dehaene (2003). Long-Term Semantic Memory Versus Contextual Memory in Unconscious Number Processing. Journal of Experimental Psychology 29 (2):235-247.
Michael Kaschak & Arthur Glenberg (2004). Interactive Alignment: Priming or Memory Retrieval? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (2):201-202.
S. Dehaene, A. G. Greenwald, R. L. Abrams & L. Naccache (2003). Long-Term Semantic Memory Versus Contextual Memory in Unconscious Number Processing. Journal of Experimental Psychology 29 (2):235-247.
Willem J. M. Levelt, Antje S. Meyer & Ardi Roelofs (2004). Relations of Lexical Access to Neural Implementation and Syntactic Encoding. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (2):299-301.
Walter Kintsch & Praful Mangalath (2011). The Construction of Meaning. Topics in Cognitive Science 3 (2):346-370.
Mark Chen, Tanya L. Chartrand, Annette Y. Lee-Chai & John A. Bargh (1998). Priming Primates: Human and Otherwise. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (5):685-686.
Jens Forster, Nira Liberman & Ronald S. Friedman (2009). What Do We Prime? On Distinguishing Between Semantic Priming, Procedural Priming, and Goal Priming. In Ezequiel Morsella, John A. Bargh & Peter M. Gollwitzer (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Human Action. Oxford University Press.
María Ruz, Eduardo Madrid, Juan Lupiáñez & Pío Tudela (2003). High Density ERP Indices of Conscious and Unconscious Semantic Priming. Cognitive Brain Research 17 (3):719-731.
Added to index2011-02-01
Total downloads15 ( #86,056 of 739,489 )
Recent downloads (6 months)0
How can I increase my downloads?