David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 10 (1):7-18 (1985)
Reflections about the role of human choice in determining personal health occur in the writings of practitioners and laymen throughout history. The Greek and Roman writers emphasized the effect of life's activities. During the Middle Ages and Renaisance, disease continued to be seen as a consequence of disorder of the bodily humors, which were under the individual's control. The rise of the paternalistic national regimes in Europe produced the view that society had the responsibility to maintain health. Jacksonian egalitarianism led to a reaction against the agressive therapies of established professional experts, a view furthered by the Thomsonian belief that people should wrest control of their health away from orthodox physicians. Among the twentieth century reactions was the movement to urge people to have doctors evaluate laypersons' health. By the 1970s a movement emerged emphasizing again personal responsibility, which, in turn, produced a concern that this was merely "victim-blaming". Views on the role of lay people in determining personal health are heavily influenced by prevailing social, political, and moral climates. Keywords: "responsibility for health: social, personal, or professional?", "causes of illness", "self-reliant health care", historical influences, responsibility for health, "victim-blaming" CiteULike Connotea Del.icio.us What's this?
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
A. Albertsen & C. Knight (2015). A Framework for Luck Egalitarianism in Health and Healthcare. Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (2):165-169.
Eric Cavallero (2011). Health, Luck and Moral Fallacies of the Second Best. Journal of Ethics 15 (4):387-403.
Paul C. Snelling (2012). Saying Something Interesting About Responsibility for Health. Nursing Philosophy 13 (3):161-178.
Ignaas Devisch (2012). Co-Responsibility: A New Horizon for Today's Health Care? [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis 20 (2):139-151.
Andreas Albertsen (forthcoming). Fresh Starts for Poor Health Choices: Should We Provide Them and Who Should Pay? Public Health Ethics:phv020.
Similar books and articles
R. S. Downie (1982). Collective Responsibility in Health Care. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 7 (1):43-56.
Katharine Kolcaba (1994). Health Maintenance as Responsibility for Self. Philosophy in the Contemporary World 1 (2):19-24.
Robert Emmet Moffit (1994). Personal Freedom and Responsibility: The Ethical Foundations of a Market-Based Health Care Reform. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 19 (5):471-481.
Andre Vries (1980). Health Care Responsibility. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 1 (1):95-106.
Jozsef Kovács (1989). Concepts of Health and Disease. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 14 (3):261-267.
E. Haavi Morreim (1994). Of Rescue and Responsibility: Learning to Live with Limits. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 19 (5):455-470.
Stefano Semplici (2011). Editorial for the Thematic Section “Social Responsibility and Health”. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 14 (4):353-354.
John Moskop (1981). The Holistic Health Movement: A Survey and Critique. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 6 (2):209-235.
Lisa H. Newton (1982). Collective Responsibility in Health Care. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 7 (1):11-22.
Mike W. Martin (2001). Responsibility for Health and Blaming Victims. Journal of Medical Humanities 22 (2):95-114.
Added to index2010-08-16
Total downloads18 ( #174,036 of 1,780,830 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #291,798 of 1,780,830 )
How can I increase my downloads?