David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Criminal Law and Philosophy 4 (3):267-282 (2010)
According to the received view crimes like torture, rape, enslavement or enforced prostitution are domestic crimes if they are committed as isolated or sporadic events, but become crimes against humanity when they are committed as part of a âwidespread or systematic attackâ against a civilian population. Only in the latter case can these crimes be prosecuted by the international community. One of the most influential accounts of this idea is Larry Mayâs International Harm Principle, which states that crimes against humanity are those that somehow âharm humanity.â I argue that this principle is unable to provide an adequate account of crimes against humanity. Moreover, I argue that the principle fails to account for the idea that crimes against humanity are necessarily group based. I conclude by suggesting that the problem with Mayâs account is that it relies on a harm-based conception of crime which is very popular, but ultimately mistaken. I submit that in order to develop an adequate theory of crimes against humanity we need to abandon the harm-based model and replace it with an alternative conception of crime and criminal law, one based on the notion of accountability.
|Keywords||Accountability Crimes against humanity Harm International criminal law International harm principle International justice Larry May|
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References found in this work BETA
Andrew Altman (2006). The Persistent Fiction of Harm to Humanity. Ethics and International Affairs 20 (3):367–372.
Andrew Altman & Christopher Heath Wellman (2004). A Defense of International Criminal Law. Ethics 115 (1):35-67.
Lawrence C. Becker (1974). Criminal Attempt and the Theory of the Law of Crimes. Philosophy and Public Affairs 3 (3):262-294.
Antony Duff, Theories of Criminal Law. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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