David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
The main economic activity of the people of Eritrea is agriculture: crop production and livestock herding. Agriculture mainly comprises mixed farming and some commercial concessions. Most agriculture is rain-fed. The main rain-fed crops are sorghum, millet and sesame, and the main irrigated crops are all horticultural crops like bananas, onions and tomatoes and cotton. The major livestock production constraints are disease, water and feed shortages and agricultural expansion especially in the river frontages. The agricultural sector employs eighty percent of the working population, but its production has not managed to cover internal food demand and is forced to cover nearly 50 per cent of its annual cereal requirements through imports-commercial and food assistance. Like most African countries, Eritrea is also a victim of the problem of food insecurity. In good years the country produces only about 60 per cent of its total food needs and in poor years, it produces no more than 25 per cent. On average, once in 10 years, the country is threatened with famines. Annual crop production depends on rainfall that is variable and unevenly distributed from year to year. Therefore, the primary goal of Eritrea is to guarantee food security by introducing modern technology, irrigation, terracing, soil and water conservation, with less dependence on rainwater. Thus the Government has articulated its food policy, which stresses national ownership of grant food assistance and to achieve food security in the coming five years. The policy indeed encompasses all sectoral policies and represents the Government's engagements with regard to food security. Despite the general trends of improvement in the economy of Eritrea, it has not yet fully recovered, and thus will still continue to require variable degrees of food assistance for the coming few more years. Based on this historical and recurrent food insecurity in Eritrea, an attempt is made in this paper to assess the agriculture development and food policy in the country. Furthermore, the paper captures the available food security policy proposals of Eritrea and eventually draws conclusions.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
No categories specified
(categorize this paper)
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library||
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Bernard I. Logan (1989). Government Expenditures on Imported Inputs and the Goals of Food Self-Sufficiency and Food Security in the Southern African Development Co-Ordination Conference. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 2 (3):191-207.
David Pimentel (1991). Ethanol Fuels: Energy Security, Economics, and the Environment. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 4 (1):1-13.
K. Hendrickson Mary, S. James Harvey & D. Heffernan William (2008). Does the World Need U.S. Farmers Even If Americans Don't? Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 21 (4).
Mary K. Hendrickson, Harvey S. James & William D. Heffernan (2008). Does the World Need U.S. Farmers Even If Americans Don't? Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 21 (4):311-328.
Martha L. Crouch (1995). Biotechnology is Not Compatible with Sustainable Agriculture. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 8 (2):98-111.
Mohammad Khan & S. Akhtar Ali Shah (2011). Food Insecurity in Pakistan: Causes and Policy Response. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 24 (5):493-509.
Siti Musa (2009). The Relationship Between Food Security and Trade Liberalization. International Corporate Responsibility Series 4:191-208.
S. Akhtar Ali Shah (2011). Food Insecurity in Pakistan: Causes and Policy Response. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 24 (5):493-509.
Tom MacMillan & Elizabeth Dowler (2012). Just and Sustainable? Examining the Rhetoric and Potential Realities of UK Food Security. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 25 (2):181-204.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads6 ( #218,107 of 1,140,341 )
Recent downloads (6 months)0
How can I increase my downloads?