Implementing human rights in the Pacific through the work of national human rights institutions: The experience of fiji
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
The period since the end of the Cold War has seen increased international efforts to strengthen the promotion and protection of human rights at the national level. At the vanguard of these measures has been a campaign to support the establishment of National Human Rights Institutions (NHRIs). NHRIs established after 1993 have been encouraged to conform to the Paris Principles, criteria endorsed by the United Nations General Assembly and designed to maintain the independence, effectiveness and pluralistic basis of NHRIs. The benefits of embedding a human rights institution within the state are many. They include the fact that the institution can work closely with government in implementing human rights, while still retaining a critical independence; the institution’s awareness of the socio-cultural context into which the panoply of human rights must be translated; and the sense of ownership by civil society of the human rights institution and the principles it embodies. The widespread trend of the establishment of NHRIs largely bypassed the Pacific Island states, with the exception of Fiji. This paper traces the history of the Fiji Human Rights Commission, from its establishment in 1999 and its admission to the regional and international groupings of NHRIs -- the Asia Pacific Forum of National Human Rights Institutions (APF) and the International Coordinating Committee of National Institutions for the Protection and Promotion of Human Rights (ICC) -- to its response to the 2006 military takeover of the government of Fiji and the Commission’s subsequent resignation from the APF and ICC. The article explores how the experience of the Fiji Commission may be relevant to those Pacific states (such as Samoa, Papua New Guinea, and the Solomon Islands) that are presently considering the possible establishment of NHRIs.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library||
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
W. J. Talbott (2010). Human Rights and Human Well-Being. Oxford University Press.
Joseph Wronka (1994). Human Rights and Social Policy in the United States: An Educational Agenda for the 21st Century. Journal of Moral Education 23 (3):261-272.
Christine Chwaszcza (2010). The Concept of Rights in Contemporary Human Rights Discourse. Ratio Juris 23 (3):333-364.
Marcelo Neves (2007). The Symbolic Force of Human Rights. Philosophy and Social Criticism 33 (4):411-444.
Mary M. Brabeck & Lauren Rogers (2000). Human Rights as a Moral Issue: Lessons for Moral Educators From Human Rights Work. Journal of Moral Education 29 (2):167-182.
John Mahoney (2007). The Challenge of Human Rights: Origin, Development, and Significance. Blackwell Pub..
Nghia Hoang, International Human Rights Law and the Protection of the Individual's Rights in the Age of Terrorism: The Case of the United Kingdom.
Added to index2009-05-17
Total downloads4 ( #383,052 of 1,699,596 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #206,271 of 1,699,596 )
How can I increase my downloads?