The women radium dial painters as experimental subjects (1920–1990) or what counts as human experimentation
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
NTM International Journal of History and Ethics of Natural Sciences, Technology and Medicine 12 (4):233-248 (2004)
The case of women radium dial painters â women who tipped their brushes while painting the dials of watches and instruments with radioactive paint â has been extensively discussed in the medical and historical literature. Their painful and abhorrent deaths have occupied the interest of physicians, lawyers, politicians, military agencies, and the public. Hardly any discussion has concerned, however, the use of those women as experimental subjects in a number of epidemiological studies that took place from 1920 to 1990. This article addresses the neglected issue of human experimentation in relation to the radium dial painters. Although womenâs medical examinations have been classified as simple, routine measurements of radiation burden on the body and presented as a great offer to humanity, for more than fifty years those women had been repeatedly used as experimental subjects without proper consent. I argue that through this case it becomes obvious that the issue of defining what counts as human experimentation shifts from an epistemological to a serious ethical and political question, concerning the making of scientific knowledge while issues of gender related to this process are also discussed
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
David Zaret (1977). The Essential Tension: Selected Studies in Scientific Tradition and Change. [REVIEW] Philosophical Review 90 (1):146-149.
George J. Annas & Michael A. Grodin (1992). The Nazi Doctors and the Nuremberg Code Human Rights in Human Experimentation. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
Steven Shapin (1988). The House of Experiment in Seventeenth-Century England. Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 79:373-404.
James F. Childress (2000). Nuremberg's Legacy: Some Ethical Reflections. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 43 (3):347-361.
Jonathan D. Moreno & Susan E. Lederer (1996). Revising the History of Cold War Research Ethics. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 6 (3):223-237.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Anna C. Mastroianni, Ruth R. Faden & Daniel D. Federman (eds.) (1994). Women and Health Research: Ethical and Legal Issues of Including Women in Clinical Studies. National Academy Press.
Paul M. McNeill (1993). The Ethics and Politics of Human Experimentation. Cambridge University Press.
Philippe Amiel, Sverine Mathieu & Anne Fagot-Largeault (2001). Acculturating Human Experimentation: An Empirical Survey in France. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 26 (3):285 – 298.
David N. Weisstub (ed.) (1998). Research on Human Subjects: Ethics, Law, and Social Policy. Pergamon.
Bradford H. Gray (1981). Human Subjects in Medical Experimentation: A Sociological Study of the Conduct and Regulation of Clinical Research. R.E. Krieger Pub. Co..
Paul Abraham Freund (1972). Experimentation with Human Subjects. London,Allen and Unwin.
Adil E. Shamoo (2009). Responsible Conduct of Research. Oxford University Press.
M. Mellor (2000). Feminism and Environmental Ethics A Materialist Perspective. Ethics and the Environment 5 (1):107-123.
LeRoy Walters (1974). Ethical Issues in Experimentation on the Human Fetus. Journal of Religious Ethics 2 (1):33 - 54.
Ursula Klein (2005). Experiments at the Intersection of Experimental History, Technological Inquiry, and Conceptually Driven Analysis: A Case Study From Early Nineteenth-Century France. Perspectives on Science 13 (1):1-48.
William A. Silverman (1985). Human Experimentation: A Guided Step Into the Unknown. Oxford University Press.
Alice Adams (2004). Of Rats and Women: Fetal Sexuality and Hybrid Agency. Journal of Medical Humanities 25 (3):205-221.
Maria Trumpler (1997). Verification and Variation: Patterns of Experimentation in Investigations of Galvanism in Germany, 1790-1800. Philosophy of Science 64 (4):84.
Added to index2010-09-01
Total downloads9 ( #339,073 of 1,789,925 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #423,018 of 1,789,925 )
How can I increase my downloads?