David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Science and Engineering Ethics 7 (1):29-62 (2001)
This paper focuses on the question of whether DNA patents help or hinder scientific discovery and innovation. While DNA patents create a wide variety of possible benefits and harms for science and technology, the evidence we have at this point in time supports the conclusion that they will probably promote rather than hamper scientific discovery and innovation. However, since DNA patenting is a relatively recent phenomena and the biotechnology industry is in its infancy, we should continue to gather evidence about the effects of DNA patenting on scientific innovation and discovery as well the economic, social, and legal conditions relating to intellectual property in biotechnology. We should give the free market, the courts, researchers, and patent offices a chance to settle issues related to innovation and discovery, before we seek legislative remedies, since new laws proposed at this point would lack adequate foresight and could do more harm than good. However, we should be open to new laws or regulations on DNA patents if they are required to in order to deal with some of the biases and limitations of the free market.
|Keywords||DNA patenting gene patenting intellectual property scientific innovation and discovery free markets|
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References found in this work BETA
Robert King Merton (1973). The Sociology of Science: Theoretical and Empirical Investigations. University of Chicago Press.
John Locke (2007). Second Treatise on Government. In Elizabeth Schmidt Radcliffe, Richard McCarty, Fritz Allhoff & Anand Vaidya (eds.), Late Modern Philosophy: Essential Readings with Commentary. Blackwell Pub. Ltd.
Aharon Kantorovich (1993). Scientific Discovery: Logic and Tinkering. State University of New York Press.
Robert Klee (1997). Introduction to the Philosophy of Science: Cutting Nature at its Seams. Oxford University Press.
Citations of this work BETA
Raymond Spier (2001). Genes in Court. Science and Engineering Ethics 7 (1):3-6.
R. Stephen Crespi (2005). Ethico-Legal Issues in Biomedicine Patenting: A Patent Professional Viewpoint. Science and Engineering Ethics 11 (1):117-136.
John S. Gardenier (2003). Shackling the Shoulders of Giants. Science and Engineering Ethics 9 (3):425-434.
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