David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Philosophy of Science 52 (2):221-238 (1985)
By a logical theory I mean a formal system together with its semantics, meta-theory, and rules for translating ordinary language into its notation. Logical theories can be used descriptively (for example, to represent particular arguments or to depict the logical form of certain sentences). Here the logician uses the usual methods of empirical science to assess the correctness of his descriptions. However, the most important applications of logical theories are normative, and here, I argue, the epistemology is that of wide reflective equilibrium. The result is that logic not only assesses our inferential practice but also changes it. I tie my discussion to Thagard's views concerning the relationship between psychology and logic, arguing against him that psychology has and should have only a peripheral role in normative (and most descriptive) applications of logic
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Jan-R. Sieckmann (2003). Why Non-Monotonic Logic is Inadequate to Represent Balancing Arguments. Artificial Intelligence and Law 11 (2-3):211-219.
John Krige (1978). A Critique of Popper's Conception of the Relationship Between Logic, Psychology, and a Critical Epistemology. Inquiry 21 (1-4):313 – 335.
Carole J. Lee (2008). Applied Cognitive Psychology and the "Strong Replacement" of Epistemology by Normative Psychology. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 38 (1):55-75.
Anita Kasabova (2002). Is Logic a Theoretical or Practical Discipline? Kant and/or Bolzano. Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 84 (3):319-333.
Concha Martínez Vidal (2004). Normativity and its Vindication: The Case of Logic. Theoria 19 (2):191-206.
Albert W. Musschenga (2005). Empirical Ethics, Context-Sensitivity, and Contextualism. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 30 (5):467 – 490.
Andreas Kamlah (1980). Wie Arbeitet Die Analytische Wissenschaftstheorie? Journal for General Philosophy of Science 11 (1):23-44.
Vladimír Svoboda & Jaroslav Peregrin (forthcoming). Logical Form and Reflective Equilibrium. Synthese.
John Richards (1980). Boole and Mill: Differing Perspectives on Logical Psychologism. History and Philosophy of Logic 1 (1-2):19-36.
Paul Thagard (1982). From the Descriptive to the Normative in Psychology and Logic. Philosophy of Science 49 (1):24-42.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads49 ( #27,199 of 1,005,126 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #64,743 of 1,005,126 )
How can I increase my downloads?