David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Oxford University Press (1993)
Nicholas Rescher presents a critical reaction against two currently influential tendencies of thought. On the one hand, he rejects the facile relativism that pervades contemporary social and academic life. On the other hand, he opposes the rationalism inherent in neo-contractarian theory--both in the idealized communicative-contract version promoted in continental European political philosophy by J;urgen Habermas, and in the idealized social contract version of the theory of political justice promoted in the Anglo-American context by John Rawls. Against such tendencies, Rescher's pluralist approach takes a more realistic and pragmatic line, eschewing the convenient recourse of idealization in cognitive and practical matters. Instead of a utopianism that looks to a uniquely perfect order that would prevail under ideal conditions, he advocates incremental improvements within the framework of arrangements that none of us will deem perfect but that all of us "can live with." Such an approach replaces the yearning for an unattainable consensus with the institution of pragmatic arrangements in which the community will acquiesce--not through agreeing on their optimality, but through a shared recognition among the dissonant parties that the available options are even worse.
|Keywords||Pluralism Cultural pluralism Consensus (Social sciences|
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|Call number||BD394.R47 1993|
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Boaz Miller (2013). When is Consensus Knowledge Based? Distinguishing Shared Knowledge From Mere Agreement. Synthese 190 (7):1293-1316.
Robert B. Talisse (2011). Value Pluralism and Liberal Politics. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 14 (1):87-100.
Benjamin James Chicka (2010). Indeterminacy, Ultimacy, and the World: The Self-Creation of Religious Pluralism Through Community and Creation. [REVIEW] Sophia 49 (1):49-63.
Maureen A. O'Malley & Sabina Leonelli (2011). The Scientific Importance of Asking Questions at Meetings: Why Virtual Debate is Not Enough. Bioessays 33 (1):35-37.
Glen Whelan (2013). Corporate Constructed and Dissent Enabling Public Spheres: Differentiating Dissensual From Consensual Corporate Social Responsibility. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 115 (4):755-769.
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