The precautionary principle and medical decision making

Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 29 (3):281 – 299 (2004)
Abstract
The precautionary principle is a useful strategy for decision-making when physicians and patients lack evidence relating to the potential outcomes associated with various choices. According to a version of the principle defended here, one should take reasonable measures to avoid threats that are serious and plausible. The reasonableness of a response to a threat depends on several factors, including benefit vs. harm, realism, proportionality, and consistency. Since a concept of reasonableness plays an essential role in applying the precautionary principle, this principle gives physicians and patients a decision-making strategy that encourages the careful weighing and balancing of different values that one finds in humanistic approaches to clinical reasoning. Properly understood, the principle presents a worthwhile alternative to approaches to clinical reasoning that apply expected utility theory to decision problems
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Martin Peterson (2011). Is There an Ethics of Algorithms? Ethics and Information Technology 13 (3):251-260.
Anya Plutynski (2012). Ethical Issues in Cancer Screening and Prevention. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 37 (3):310-323.
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