Imitation Is the Sincerest Form of Cheating: The Influence of Direct Knowledge and Attitudes on Academic Dishonesty
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Ethics and Behavior 20 (1):47-64 (2010)
What effect does witnessing other students cheat have on one's own cheating behavior? What roles do moral attitudes and neutralizing attitudes (justifications for behavior) play when deciding to cheat? The present research proposes a model of academic dishonesty which takes into account each of these variables. Findings from experimental (vignette) and survey methods determined that seeing others cheat increases cheating behavior by causing students to judge the behavior less morally reprehensible, not by making rationalization easier. Witnessing cheating also has unique effects, controlling for other variables.
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Beth M. Schwartz, Holly E. Tatum & Megan C. Hageman (2013). College Students' Perceptions of and Responses to Cheating at Traditional, Modified, and Non-Honor System Institutions. Ethics and Behavior 23 (6):463-476.
Mollie K. Galloway (2012). Cheating in Advantaged High Schools: Prevalence, Justifications, and Possibilities for Change. Ethics and Behavior 22 (5):378 - 399.
Bradford Barnhardt (forthcoming). The “Epidemic” of Cheating Depends on Its Definition: A Critique of Inferring the Moral Quality of “Cheating in Any Form”. Ethics and Behavior:1-14.
Jennifer Akeley Spear & Ann Neville Miller (2012). The Effects of Instructor Fear Appeals and Moral Appeals on Cheating-Related Attitudes and Behavior of University Students. Ethics and Behavior 22 (3):196 - 207.
Katarina Katja Mihelič & Barbara Culiberg (2014). Turning a Blind Eye: A Study of Peer Reporting in a Business School Setting. Ethics and Behavior 24 (5):364-381.
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