David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of the History of Biology 41 (2):307 - 337 (2008)
In the nineteenth century protozoology and early cell biology intersected through the nexus of Darwin's theory of evolution. As single-celled organisms, amoebae offered an attractive focus of study for researchers seeking evolutionary relationships between the cells of humans and other animals, and their primitive appearance made them a favourite model for the ancient ancestor of all living things. Their resemblance to human and other metazoan cells made them popular objects of study among morphologists, physiologists, and even those investigating animal behaviour. The amoeba became the exemplar of the new protoplasmic cell concept of mid-century and because its apparent simplicity made it widely generalizable it became a popular subject in a breadth of experimental investigations and theoretical speculations. It was able to do this because "the amoeba" denotes not a particular organism, but a general type of behaviour common to the cells of a range of protozoa, simple plants and higher animals. Its status as an exemplary cell also rested upon auxiliary philosophical assumptions about what constitutes a primitive characteristic and the thesis that evolution is a progressive development of order from chaos.
|Keywords||Amoebae cell theory evolution exemplary materials protoplasm William Benjamin Carpenter Michael Foster Ernst Haeckel T. H. Huxley|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Lynn K. Nyhart & Elias José Palti (1997). Biology Takes Form: Animal Morphology and the German Universities 1800-1900. History of Science 35 (3):114-116.
Andrew Reynolds (2007). The Theory of the Cell State and the Question of Cell Autonomy in Nineteenth and Early Twentieth-Century Biology. Science in Context 20 (1):71.
Silvan S. Schweber (1980). Darwin and the Political Economists: Divergence of Character. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 13 (2):195 - 289.
Jane Maienschein (1991). From Presentation to Representation in E. B. Wilson's the Cell. Biology and Philosophy 6 (2):227-254.
Marsha L. Richmond (1989). Protozoa as Precursors of Metazoa: German Cell Theory and Its Critics at the Turn of the Century. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 22 (2):243 - 276.
Citations of this work BETA
Andrew Reynolds (2010). The Redoubtable Cell. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 41 (3):194-201.
Maureen A. O'Malley, Alastair G. B. Simpson & Andrew J. Roger (2013). The Other Eukaryotes in Light of Evolutionary Protistology. Biology and Philosophy 28 (2):299-330.
Radim Kočandrle & Karel Kleisner (2013). Evolution Born of Moisture: Analogies and Parallels Between Anaximander's Ideas on Origin of Life and Man and Later Pre-Darwinian and Darwinian Evolutionary Concepts. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 46 (1):103-124.
Andrew Reynolds (2010). The Redoubtable Cell. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 41 (3):194-201.
Similar books and articles
W. Schwemmler (1982). The Endoeytobiotic Cell Theory and the Periodic System of Cells. Acta Biotheoretica 31 (1):45-68.
Philip J. Nickel (2008). Ethical Issues in Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research. In Kristen Renwick Monroe, Ronald B. Miller & Jerome Tobis (eds.), Fundamentals of the Stem Cell Debate: The Scientific, Religious, Ethical & Political Issues. University of California Press
Melinda B. Fagan (2011). Social Experiments in Stem Cell Biology. Perspectives on Science 19 (3):235-262.
Robert W. Korn (1993). Apical Cells as Meristems. Acta Biotheoretica 41 (3):175-189.
José Pierrez & Xavier Ronot (1992). Flow Cytometric Analysis of the Cell Cycle: Mathematical Modeling and Biological Interpretation. Acta Biotheoretica 40 (2-3):131-137.
Deng K. Niu, Jia-Kuan Chen & Yong-Ding Liu (2001). Margulis' Theory on Division of Labour in Cells Revisited. Acta Biotheoretica 49 (1):23-28.
Armando Aranda-Anzaldo (2001). Cancer Development and Progression: A Non-Adaptive Process Driven by Genetic Drift. Acta Biotheoretica 49 (2):89-108.
Roberta Bivins (2000). Sex Cells: Gender and the Language of Bacterial Genetics. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 33 (1):113 - 139.
C. Wiedemann & H. A. Moser (1988). An Elementary Approach to Cell Cycle Analysis. Acta Biotheoretica 37 (2):205-236.
John D. Loike Moshe Tendler (2008). Reconstituting a Human Brain in Animals: A Jewish Perspective on Human Sanctity. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 18 (4):pp. 347-367.
Hisao Honda, Masaharu Tanemura & Akihiro Yoshida (2000). Differentiation of Wing Epidermal Scale Cells in a Butterfly Under the Lateral Inhibition Model - Appearance of Large Cells in a Polygonal Pattern. Acta Biotheoretica 48 (2):121-136.
Jacques Demongeot (2009). Biological Boundaries and Biological Age. Acta Biotheoretica 57 (4):397-418.
Michael J. Denton, Govindasamy Kumaramanickavel & Michael Legge (2013). Cells as Irreducible Wholes: The Failure of Mechanism and the Possibility of an Organicist Revival. Biology and Philosophy 28 (1):31-52.
Mark T. Brown (2009). Moral Complicity in Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Research. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 19 (1):pp. 1-22.
Added to index2011-05-29
Total downloads5 ( #419,184 of 1,781,487 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #295,005 of 1,781,487 )
How can I increase my downloads?