David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Philosophical Studies 163 (2):367-383 (2013)
Adequate epistemic justification is best conceived as the appearance, over time, of knowledge to the subject. ‘Appearance’ is intended literally, not as a synonym for belief. It is argued through consideration of examples that this account gets the extension of ‘adequately justified belief’ at least roughly correct. A more theoretical reason is then offered to regard justification as the appearance of knowledge: If we have a knowledge norm for assertion, we do our best to comply with this norm when we express as assertions only beliefs that appear to us to be knowledge. If we are doing our best, there is little point in further sanctions. So a norm of knowledge for assertion would lead to a secondary norm of justified belief as the appearance of knowledge, marking a point at which our assertions may be corrected but should not be blamed
|Keywords||knowledge justification internalism/externalism epistemology|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Timothy Williamson (2000). Knowledge and its Limits. Oxford University Press.
Jason Stanley (2005). Knowledge and Practical Interests. Oxford University Press.
John McDowell (1994). Mind and World. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
John Hawthorne (2004). Knowledge and Lotteries. Oxford University Press.
Citations of this work BETA
Martin Smith (2012). Some Thoughts on the JK-Rule1. Noûs 46 (4):791-802.
Similar books and articles
Declan Smithies (2012). The Normative Role of Knowledge. Noûs 46 (2):265-288.
B. J. C. Madison (2010). Is Justification Knowledge? Journal of Philosophical Research 35:173-191.
William Harper (1998). Papier Mâché Problems in Epistemology: A Defense of Strong Internalism. Synthese 116 (1):27-49.
William Alston (1989). Epistemic Justification. Cornell University Press.
Laurence BonJour & Ernest Sosa (2003). Epistemic Justification: Internalism Vs. Externalism, Foundations Vs. Virtues. Blackwell Pub..
Sven Bernecker (2006). Prospects for Epistemic Compatibilism. Philosophical Studies 130 (1):81-104.
Aidan McGlynn (2012). Justification as 'Would-Be' Knowledge. Episteme 9 (4):361-376.
[author unknown] (1982). Synopsis. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1982:xi-xviii.
George S. Pappas (1983). Ongoing Knowledge. Synthese 55 (2):253 - 267.
Joe Cruz & John Pollock (2004). The Chimerical Appeal of Epistemic Externalism. In Richard Schantz (ed.), The Externalist Challenge. De Gruyter 125--42.
Clayton Littlejohn (2010). Moore's Paradox and Epistemic Norms. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 88 (1):79 – 100.
Added to index2011-09-27
Total downloads310 ( #3,209 of 1,726,085 )
Recent downloads (6 months)44 ( #26,708 of 1,726,085 )
How can I increase my downloads?