David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Philosophical Studies 163 (2):367-383 (2013)
Adequate epistemic justification is best conceived as the appearance, over time, of knowledge to the subject. ‘Appearance’ is intended literally, not as a synonym for belief. It is argued through consideration of examples that this account gets the extension of ‘adequately justified belief’ at least roughly correct. A more theoretical reason is then offered to regard justification as the appearance of knowledge: If we have a knowledge norm for assertion, we do our best to comply with this norm when we express as assertions only beliefs that appear to us to be knowledge. If we are doing our best, there is little point in further sanctions. So a norm of knowledge for assertion would lead to a secondary norm of justified belief as the appearance of knowledge, marking a point at which our assertions may be corrected but should not be blamed
|Keywords||knowledge justification internalism/externalism epistemology|
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References found in this work BETA
Timothy Williamson (2000). Knowledge and its Limits. Oxford University Press.
Jason Stanley (2005). Knowledge and Practical Interests. Oxford University Press.
John McDowell (1994). Mind and World. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
John Hawthorne (2003). Knowledge and Lotteries. Oxford University Press.
Citations of this work BETA
Martin Smith (2012). Some Thoughts on the JK-Rule1. Noûs 46 (4):791-802.
Christoph Kelp (forthcoming). Lotteries and Justification. Synthese:1-12.
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