Why Wittgenstein ought to have been a computationalist (and what a computationalist can gain from Wittgenstein)
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Croatian Journal of Philosophy 3 (9):231-264 (2003)
Wittgenstein’s views invite a modest, functionalist account of mental states and regularities, or more specifically a causal/computational, representational theory of the mind (CRTT). It is only by understandingWittgenstein’s remarks in the context of a theory like CRTT that his insights have any real force; and it is only by recognizing those insights that CRTT can begin to account for sensations and our thoughts about them. For instance, Wittgenstein’s (in)famous remark that “an inner process stands in need of outward criteria” (PI:§580), so implausible read behaviorally, is entirely plausible if the “outward” is allowed to include computational facts about our brains. But what is especially penetrating about Wittgenstein’s discussion is his unique diagnosis of our puzzlement in this area, in particular, his suggestion that it is due to our captivation by “pictures” whose application to reality is left crucially under-specified. It is only by understanding. What sustains the naive picture is not a captivation by language, but, at least in part, our largely involuntary reactions to things that look and act like our conspecifics. We project a property into them correlative to that reaction in ourselves, and are, indeed, unwilling to project it into things that do not induce that reaction
|Keywords||Computationalism Functionalism Metaphysics Picture Representation Wittgenstein|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
David Egan (2011). Pictures in Wittgenstein's Later Philosophy. Philosophical Investigations 34 (1):55-76.
Tim Labron (2009). Wittgenstein and Theology. T & T Clark.
David G. Stern (1995). Wittgenstein on Mind and Language. Oxford University Press.
James Bogen (1964). Was Wittgenstein a Psychologist? (I). Inquiry 7 (1-4):374-378.
Anthony Kenny (2006). Wittgenstein. Blackwell Pub..
Herbert Hrachovec (2004). Picture This! Words Versus Images in Wittgenstein's Nachlass. In Tamás Demeter (ed.), Essays on Wittgenstein and Austrian Philosophy. Rodopi. 197--209.
Steve Gerrard (1991). Wittgenstein's Philosophies of Mathematics. Synthese 87 (1):125-142.
Georges Rey (1994). Wittgenstein, Computationalism, and Qualia. In Roberto Casati, B. Smith & Stephen L. White (eds.), Philosophy and the Cognitive Sciences. Holder-Pichler-Tempsky.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads55 ( #36,146 of 1,692,582 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #181,215 of 1,692,582 )
How can I increase my downloads?