David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Cognitive Science 34 (8):1561-1573 (2010)
The present studies tested the hypothesis that strong assumptions about within-category homogeneity impede children’s recognition of the inductive value of diverse samples of evidence. In Study 1a, children (7-year-olds) and adults were randomly assigned to receive a prime emphasizing within-category variability, a prime emphasizing within-category similarities, or to not receive a prime. Only following the variability prime, children demonstrated a reliable preference for evaluating diverse over nondiverse samples to determine whether there is support for a category-wide generalization. Adults demonstrated a robust preference for diverse samples in all conditions. These effects extended beyond the specific categories included in the prime, as well as to multiple types of test questions. Study 1b demonstrated that priming variability leads children to select diverse samples only when doing so is informative for induction. Implications for conceptual development are discussed
|Keywords||Sampling Induction Variability Conceptual development Natural kinds Categories|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Amanda C. Brandone & Susan A. Gelman (2009). Differences in Preschoolers' and Adults' Use of Generics About Novel Animals and Artifacts: A Window Onto a Conceptual Divide. Cognition 110 (1):1-22.
Susan A. Gelman & Ellen M. Markman (1986). Categories and Induction in Young Children. Cognition 23 (3):183-209.
Grant Gutheil & Susan A. Gelman (1997). Children's Use of Sample Size and Diversity Information Within Basic-Level Categories. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology 64:159-174.
Evan Heit (2000). Properties of Inductive Reasoning. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review 7:569-592.
Julia Beth Proffitt, John Coley, Medin D. & L. Douglas (2000). Expertise and Category-Based Induction. Journal of Experimental Psychology 26:811-828.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Natalie A. Obrecht, Gretchen B. Chapman & Marta T. Suárez (2010). Laypeople Do Use Sample Variance: The Effect of Embedding Data in a Variance-Implying Story. Thinking and Reasoning 16 (1):26 – 44.
Marta T. Suárez, Gretchen B. Chapman & Natalie A. Obrecht (2011). Laypeople Do Use Sample Variance: The Effect of Embedding Data in a Variance-Implying Story. Thinking and Reasoning 16 (1):26-44.
Judith Bek & Suzanne Lock (2011). Afterlife Beliefs: Category Specificity and Sensitivity to Biological Priming. Religion, Brain and Behavior 1 (1):5-17.
Jan Westerhoff (2002). Defining 'Ontological Category'. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 102 (3):287–293.
Andrzej W. Jankowski & Marek Zawadowski (1985). Sheaves Over Heyting Lattices. Studia Logica 44 (3):237 - 256.
Aidan Feeney & Evan Heit (2011). Properties of the Diversity Effect in Category-Based Inductive Reasoning. Thinking and Reasoning 17 (2):156 - 181.
Charles W. Kalish & Christopher A. Lawson (2007). Negative Evidence and Inductive Generalisation. Thinking and Reasoning 13 (4):394 – 425.
Pascal Boyer (2000). Natural Epistemology or Evolved Metaphysics? Developmental Evidence for Early-Developed, Intuitive, Category-Specific, Incomplete, and Stubborn Metaphysical Presumptions. Philosophical Psychology 13 (3):277 – 297.
J. van Brakel (2005). Colour is a Culturalist Category. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (4):507-508.
Sven Ove Hansson (2006). Category-Specified Value Statements. Synthese 148 (2):425 - 432.
Marc Ereshefsky (2010). Darwin's Solution to the Species Problem. Synthese 175 (3):405 - 425.
Gedeon Deák, Hong Li, Yiyuan Li, Bihua Cao & Fuhong Li (2011). The Law of Large Numbers in Children's Diversity-Based Reasoning. Thinking and Reasoning 15 (4):388-404.
H. Clark Barrett (2001). Is Category Specificity in the World or in the Mind? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (3):478-479.
Added to index2010-09-28
Total downloads7 ( #274,000 of 1,699,550 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #362,609 of 1,699,550 )
How can I increase my downloads?