David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 39 (2):211-221 (2008)
This paper traces the history of artificial insemination by selected donors as a strategy for positive eugenic improvement. While medical artificial insemination has a longer history, its use as a eugenic strategy was first mooted in late nineteenth-century France. It was then developed as ‘scientific motherhood’ for war widows and those without partners by Marion Louisa Piddington in Australia following the Great War. By the 1930s AID was being more widely used clinically in Britain as a medical solution to male infertility for married couples. In 1935 English postal clerk, Herbert Brewer, promoted AID as the socialization of the germ plasm in a eugenic scheme. The next year Hermann Muller, American Drosophila geneticist and eugenicist, presented his plan for human improvement by AID to Stalin. Some twenty years later, Muller, together with Robert Klark Graham, began planning a Foundation for Germinal Choice in California. This was finally opened in 1980 as the first practical experiment in eugenic AID, producing some 215 babies over the twenty years it functioned. While AID appeared to be a means of squaring a eugenic circle by separating paternity from love relationships, and so allowing eugenic improvement without inhibiting individual choice in marriage, it found very little favour with those who might use it, not least because of a couple’s desire to have their ‘own’ children has always seemed stronger than any eugenic aspirations. No state has ever contemplated using AID as a social policy
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Jesse Olszynko-Gryn (2014). The Demand for Pregnancy Testing: The Aschheim–Zondek Reaction, Diagnostic Versatility, and Laboratory Services in 1930s Britain. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 47:233-247.
Similar books and articles
Paul Brassley (2007). Cutting Across Nature? The History of Artificial Insemination in Pigs in the United Kingdom. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 38 (2):442-461.
Wade Roberts (2007). Autonomy, Pluralism, and the Future of the Species: Agar and Habermas on Liberal Eugenics. Philosophical Explorations 22:153-167.
D. J. Cusine (1977). Artificial Insemination with the Husband's Semen After the Husband's Death. Journal of Medical Ethics 3 (4):163-165.
John R. Spencer & Antje Du Bois-Pedain (eds.) (2006). Freedom and Responsibility in Reproductive Choice. Hart Pub..
Christina Benninghaus (2007). Great Expectations—German Debates About Artificial Insemination in Humans Around 1912. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 38 (2):374-392.
R. Schoysman (1975). Problems of Selecting Donors for Artificial Insemination. Journal of Medical Ethics 1 (1):34-35.
Edward W. Keyserlingk (1981). Artificial Insemination and in Vitro Fertilization. Bioethics Quarterly 3 (1):35-49.
Liezl van Zyl (2002). Intentional Parenthood and the Nuclear Family. Journal of Medical Humanities 23 (2):107-118.
Lori B. Andrews (1989). Control and Compensation: Laws Governing Extracorporeal Generative Materials. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 14 (5):541-560.
David N. James (1988). Artificial Insemination. Philosophy and Theology 2 (4):305-326.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads19 ( #125,663 of 1,696,461 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #339,107 of 1,696,461 )
How can I increase my downloads?