David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
In 1914, James Leuba, a psychologist at Bryn Mawr, conducted several surveys of scientists and college students regarding their religious beliefs, publishing his findings in a 1916 book titled The Belief in God and Immortality. Among scientists generally, 41.8 percent indicated they were believers in a personal God (defined as a being to whom one could pray, expecting a response), whereas 41.5 percent expressed disbelief in such a God and 16.7 percent declared themselves to be agnostic. Among elite scientists (those with an asterisk by their names in James McKean Cattell's American Men of Science), the percentage of believers was lower, at 31.6 percent. Among elite biologists, the subset who believed in God was even smaller—16.9 percent. In 1996 and 1998, Edward Larson and Larry Witham replicated Leuba's study, publishing their findings in the April 23, 1997, and July 23, 1998, issues of Nature. Their surveys revealed that of all scientists questioned, 39.3 percent professed belief in a personal God, about the same as in the 1914 study. However, among elite scientists—now defined as members of the National Academy of Sciences—the proportion who were believers had plummeted to 7 percent, with biologists showing the least religious conviction at 5.5 percent. In the general population of the United States, some 86 percent profess belief in the existence of a personal God, according to a 1999 Gallup poll. These figures dramatically indicate the great no-mans land separating the religious convictions of ordinary citizens from those of the scientific community, especially its leading members. This dissensus has fueled many of the bitter battles recently fought over evolution and stem cells and has ignited explosive devices laid along several political byways.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
No categories specified
(categorize this paper)
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library||
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Vic Stenger (2008). Is America a Deist Nation? Skeptical Briefs 18 (4).
Carl Cranor & Kurt Nutting (1990). Scientific and Legal Standards of Statistical Evidence in Toxic Tort and Discrimination Suits. Law and Philosophy 9 (2):115 - 156.
J. J. F. Durand (2007). The Many Faces of God: Highways and Byways on the Route Towards an Orthodox Image of God in the History of Christianity From the First to the Seventeenth Century. Sun Press.
David G. Green (1993). Medical Care in Britain Before the Welfare State. Critical Review 7 (4):479-495.
Sheldon Krimsky & L. S. Rothenberg (2001). Conflict of Interest Policies in Science and Medical Journals: Editorial Practices and Author Disclosures. Science and Engineering Ethics 7 (2):205-218.
James Kellenberger (2005). God's Goodness and God's Evil. Religious Studies 41 (1):23-37.
Carla Saenz (2011). Affordability of Health Care: A Gender-Related Problem and a Gender-Responsive Solution. International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 4 (2):144-153.
Joshua Rust & Eric Schwitzgebel (2013). Ethicists' and Nonethicists' Responsiveness to Student E‐Mails: Relationships Among Expressed Normative Attitude, Self‐Described Behavior, and Empirically Observed Behavior. Metaphilosophy 44 (3):350-371.
Subrata Chattopadhyay, Catherine Myser & Raymond De Vries (2013). Bioethics and Its Gatekeepers: Does Institutional Racism Exist in Leading Bioethics Journals? [REVIEW] Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 10 (1):7-9.
John Bishop (2009). Towards a Religiously Adequate Alternative to Omnigod Theism. Sophia 48 (4):419-433.
Chet Robie, Roland E. Kidwell Jr & James A. Kling (2003). The Ethics of Professorial Book Selling: Morality, Money and "Black Market" Books. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 47 (2):61 - 76.
J. J. MacIntosh (1994). Belief-in Revisited: A Reply to Williams. Religious Studies 30 (4):487 - 503.
Added to index2010-12-22
Total downloads7 ( #264,410 of 1,696,633 )
Recent downloads (6 months)4 ( #144,179 of 1,696,633 )
How can I increase my downloads?