David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Historians, the good ones, mark a century by intellectual and social boundaries rather than by the turn of the calendar page. Only through fortuitous accident might occasions of consequence occur at the very beginning of a century. Imaginative historians do tend, however, to invest a date like 1800 with powers that attract events of significance. It is thus both fortunate and condign that Abiology@ came to linguistic and conceptual birth with the new century. Precisely in 1800, Karl Friedrich Burdach, a romantic naturalist, suggested that his coinage Biologie be used to indicate the study of human beings from a morphological, physiological, and psychological perspective.i Many other neologisms of the period (and Burdach issued quite a few) were stillborn or survived only for a short while. Biologie, though, fit the time, and with slight adjustment received its modern meaning two years later at the hands of the Naturphilosoph Gottfried Reinhold Treviranus. In his multi-volume treatise Biologie, oder Philosophie der lebenden Natur (1802-1822), Treviranus announced: AThe objects of our research will be the different forms and manifestations of life, the conditions and laws under which these phenomena occur, and the causes through which they have been effected. The science that concerns itself with these objects we will indicate by the name biology [Biologie] or the doctrine of life [Lebenslehre].@ii Jean-Baptiste de Lamarck, also in 1802, employed the term with comparable intention.iii In the work of both of these biologists, the word became immediately associated with the theory of the transmutation of speciesCa new term in recognition of the new laws of life. Treviranus thought the progressive deposition of fossils..
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
No categories specified
(categorize this paper)
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library||
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Peter Burke (ed.) (2002). History and Historians in the Twentieth Century. Published for the British Academy by Oxford University Press.
Michael Ruse (2004). The Romantic Conception of Robert J. Richards. Journal of the History of Biology 37 (1):3 - 23.
Richard Creath & Jane Maienschein (eds.) (2000). Biology and Epistemology. Cambridge University Press.
Allen G. Debus, Paul Harold Theerman & Karen Hunger Parshall (eds.) (1997). Experiencing Nature: Proceedings of a Conference in Honor of Allen G. Debus. Kluwer Academic Publishers.
Thomas A. Howard (2000). Religion and the Rise of Historicism: W.M.L. De Wette, Jacob Burckhardt, and the Theological Origins of Nineteenth-Century Historical Consciousness. [REVIEW] Cambridge University Press.
Marjorie Grene (2004). The Philosophy of Biology: An Episodic History. Cambridge University Press.
Bert Leuridan & Anton Froeyman (2012). On Lawfulness in History and Historiography. History and Theory 51 (2):172-192.
Robert J. O'Hara (1991). Representations of the Natural System in the Nineteenth Century. Biology and Philosophy 6 (2):255-274.
Ugo Perone (2010). The Risks of The Present: Benjamin, Bonhoeffer and Celan. Symposium: The Canadian Journal of Continental Philosophy 14 (2):19-34.
Added to index2010-12-22
Total downloads5 ( #237,418 of 1,101,833 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #306,516 of 1,101,833 )
How can I increase my downloads?