Interdisciplinary modeling: a case study of evolutionary economics

Biology and Philosophy 26 (5):655-675 (2011)
Abstract
Biologists and economists use models to study complex systems. This similarity between these disciplines has led to an interesting development: the borrowing of various components of model-based theorizing between the two domains. A major recent example of this strategy is economists’ utilization of the resources of evolutionary biology in order to construct models of economic systems. This general strategy has come to be called evolutionary economics and has been a source of much debate among economists. Although philosophers have developed literatures on the nature of models and modeling, the unique issues surrounding this kind of interdisciplinary model building have yet to be independently investigated. In this paper, we utilize evolutionary economics as a case study in the investigation of more general issues concerning interdisciplinary modeling. We begin by critiquing the distinctions currently used within the evolutionary economics literature and propose an alternative carving of the conceptual terrain. We then argue that the three types of evolutionary economics we distinguish capture distinctions that will be important whenever resources of model-based theorizing are borrowed across distinct scientific domains. Our analysis of these model-building strategies identifies several of the unique methodological and philosophical issues that confront interdisciplinary modeling
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References found in this work BETA
Peter Achinstein (1968). Concepts of Science. Baltimore, Johns Hopkins Press.
Peter Achinstein (1964). Models, Analogies, and Theories. Philosophy of Science 31 (4):328-350.
Peter Achinstein (1965). Theoretical Models. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 16 (62):102-120.
Peter Godfrey-Smith (2009). Models and Fictions in Science. Philosophical Studies 143 (1):101 - 116.

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