David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Consciousness and Cognition 18 (3):639-645 (2009)
Participants struck 500 golf balls to a concealed target. Outcome feedback was presented at the subjective or objective threshold of awareness of each participant or at a supraliminal threshold. Participants who received fully perceptible feedback learned to strike the ball onto the target, as did participants who received feedback that was only marginally perceptible . Participants who received feedback that was not perceptible showed no learning. Upon transfer to a condition in which the target was unconcealed, performance increased in both the subjective and the objective threshold condition, but decreased in the supraliminal condition. In all three conditions, participants reported minimal declarative knowledge of their movements, suggesting that deliberate hypothesis testing about how best to move in order to perform the motor task successfully was disrupted by the impoverished disposition of the visual outcome feedback. It was concluded that sub-optimally perceptible visual feedback evokes implicit processes
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Peter J. Bayley, Jennifer C. Frascino & Larry R. Squire (2005). Robust Habit Learning in the Absence of Awareness and Independent of the Medial Temporal Lobe. Nature 436 (7050):550-553.
J. Cheesman & Philip M. Merikle (1986). Distinguishing Conscious From Unconscious Perceptual Processes. Canadian Journal of Psychology 40:343-67.
J. Cheesman & Philip M. Merikle (1984). Priming with and Without Awareness. Perception and Psychophysics 36:387-95.
John Driver & Patrik Vuilleumier (2001). Perceptual Awareness and its Loss in Unilateral Neglect and Extinction. Cognition 79 (1):39-88.
Anthony G. Greenwald, M. R. Klinger & E. S. Schuh (1995). Activation by Marginally Perceptible ("Subliminal") Stimuli: Dissociation of Unconscious From Conscious Cognition. Journal of Experimental Psychology 124 (1):22-42.
Citations of this work BETA
Anna-Marie Armstrong & Zoltan Dienes (2013). Subliminal Understanding of Negation: Unconscious Control by Subliminal Processing of Word Pairs. Consciousness and Cognition 22 (3):1022-1040.
Similar books and articles
Armin Kibele (2006). Non-Consciously Controlled Decision Making for Fast Motor Reactions in Sports--A Priming Approach for Motor Responses to Non-Consciously Perceived Movement Features. Psychology of Sport and Exercise 7 (6):591-610.
J. P. Maxwell, R. S. W. Masters & F. F. Eves (2003). The Role of Working Memory in Motor Learning and Performance. Consciousness and Cognition 12 (3):376-402.
Flavio T. P. Oliveira & David Goodman (2004). Conscious and Effortful or Effortless and Automatic: A Practice/Performance Paradox in Motor Learning. Perceptual and Motor Skills 99 (1):315-324.
P. J., W. S. & F. F. (2003). The Role of Working Memory in Motor Learning and Performance. Consciousness and Cognition 12 (3):376-402.
R. MasteRs, J. Poolton & J. Maxwell (2008). Stable Implicit Motor Processes Despite Aerobic Locomotor Fatigue. Consciousness and Cognition 17 (1):335-338.
Sukhvinder S. Obhi (2007). Evidence for Feedback Dependent Conscious Awareness of Action. Brain Research 1161:88-94.
K. Imanaka & Brad Abernethy (2000). Distance-Location Interference in Movement Reproduction: An Interaction Between Conscious and Unconscious Processing? In Yves Rossetti & Antti Revonsuo (eds.), Beyond Dissociation: Interaction Between Dissociated Implicit and Explicit Processing. John Benjamins
Robert Mathews & Ron Sun, The Symposium on the Synergy Between Implicit and Explicit Learning Processes.
Ron Sun (2005). The Interaction of the Explicit and the Implicit in Skill Learning: A Dual-Process Approach. Psychological Review 112:159-192.
Jens Schwarzbach & Dirk Vorberg (2006). Response Priming with and Without Awareness. In Haluk Ögmen & Bruno G. Breitmeyer (eds.), The First Half Second: The Microgenesis and Temporal Dynamics of Unconscious and Conscious Visual Processes. MIT Press 297-314.
Daniel John Zizzo (2000). Implicit Learning of (Boundedly) Rational Behaviour. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):700-701.
Axel Cleeremans & Zoltán Dienes (2008). Computational Models of Implicit Learning. In Ron Sun (ed.), The Cambridge Handbook of Computational Psychology. Cambridge University Press 396--421.
Added to index2010-08-24
Total downloads7 ( #274,000 of 1,700,337 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #362,609 of 1,700,337 )
How can I increase my downloads?